Institution Affiliations: Community And Crime

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Institution affiliations

Community and Crime

Community and Crime
A community can be defined as a social unit that shares common values mostly situated in a certain geographical area regardless of the size. Examples of communities include villages, towns, among others. The community consists of certain groups of people who mostly share certain kind of relationships such as genealogical ties. These relationships are important to the members of the community as they define their social identity and practice. When it comes to crime prevention, communities form the central institution, a stage where other institutions such as families, the police, schools, retail establishments, labor markets and correctional facilities
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This implies that in the United States, the whites enjoy more privileges than the other groups. The Black Americans have been positioned at the bottom of the social hierarchy. Other minority groups such as the Asian American, the light-skinned Latinos, the Middle Eastern Americans and other multiracial individuals have all been placed at the middle as honorary whites. This kind of racial socialized system entails oppression of the minority as the whites who are the dominant race have greater access to several privileges such as better jobs and better lifestyles (Ruth & Lauren, 2009). According to Ruth and Lauren (2009), in the United States, there are higher levels of violent crimes in urban areas than in the rural areas. These urban areas consist of different communities from different racial backgrounds consisting of the Whites and the minority groups. The neighborhoods consisting of the minorities are most likely to engage in criminal activities. People who live around these neighborhoods may view violence as an everyday facet of life. This is because of the high crime rates and violent encounters leading to the adaptation of violent behaviors such as carrying of weapons. With such behavior, the crime rate in these neighborhoods…show more content…
The study shows that there is a huge difference in these residential places in terms of lifestyle and resources. For example, unlike in Black or Latino neighborhoods, the Whites have access to a more stable environment, which are socioeconomically advantaged and also with access to external resources such as residential loans (Ruth & Lauren, 2009). These differences in neighborhood characteristics also reflect in the level of crimes. According to Ruth and Lauren (2009), the crime rates in the minority neighborhoods are up to five times greater than that in white
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