Institutional Rational Choice Theory In Public Administration

2059 Words9 Pages
Theoretical Framework
The literature reviewed describes the development and significance of the concepts of organizational justice, organizational trust and organizational commitment, and how these concepts link with each other. The institutional rational choice theory is discussed in detail below to develop an understanding of their link with the delineated variables.
Institutional Rational Choice Theory
The conceptual model developed on the basis of reviewed literature establishes that if employees perceive the prevalence of justice in their organizations, this would result in their increased level of trust in the organization, which then would consequently lead to increased organizational commitment among employees in public sector organizations.
…show more content…
In the literature of public organizations, the earliest presentation of rational model of administration was given by Simon’s (1957a) Administrative Behavior. Then he elaborated the model in a series of three essays, Models of Man (1957b), and jointly authored book with Donald W. Smithburg and Victor A. Thompson entitled Public Administration (1950). Based on a positivist view and instrumental interpretation of organizational life, Simon presented a comprehensive theory of public administration. According to Simon (1957) “The capacity of human mind for formulating and solving complex problems is very small in comparison with the size of the problems whose solution is required for the objectively rational behavior in the real world- or even for a reasonable approximation to such objective reality. The rational individual is and must be an organized and institutionalized individual”. He also stated that people will hedge their bets and continue in the organization as long as the organization provides greater benefits than people think possible elsewhere. Thus employee in this aspect is described as an “Administrative Man”. The most unique and remarkable quality of administrative man is that he does not create specific things just under organizational influence but stimulate a pattern in him to cooperate with other employees and do whatever is appropriate to achieve organizational goals. Denhart…show more content…
According to (Hechter & Kanazawa, 1997) rational choice theory is, "an intrinsically multilevel enterprise. It strives for social consequences on the foundation of both social circumstance and individual action." Nevertheless, the records and their elucidation remain at the collective level, for the theory does not endeavor to explain the actions of a rational person in a specific situation. Rational choice theorists consider both macro- and micro-level features to be significant contributing factors of outcomes, but empirical findings emphasized more on structural factors for methodological explanations related to limitations on quantitative measurement of individual values and reasoning (Hechter & Kanazawa 1997:193). Sociological rational choice theorists on the other hand take into account individual cognitive practices and values. They accentuate outcomes, not including how prerequisites outline

More about Institutional Rational Choice Theory In Public Administration

Open Document