Institutional Urban Violence: The Context Of Urban Violence

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In order to better understand and analyze the context of urban violence, the phenomenon has been divided into four different categories: political, institutional, economic and social violence, even though they all eventually overlap. - Political violence in urban areas refers to all forms of violence whose manifestation expresses through guerrillas and paramilitary conflicts, through political assassinations or armed conflict between political parties. Its final goal is to win or maintain political power. - Institutional urban violence includes all sort of “abuse of power” on behalf of state institutions or even private sectors: police brutality; killings carried out by police outside of the boundaries of legality; the social cleansing of gangs and street children conducted by state or community vigilantes; Community members’ lynching of alleged criminals; Health and education workers committing physical or psychological abuses. The most common ones are those coming from police and the judiciary. - Economic violence. It can happen in a complicated and organized manner, referred to as organized crime, often related to drugs, kidnappings and arms trafficking. Economic violence tends to take any of the following main forms: Street theft, robbery and crime; Armed robbery; Kidnapping; Drug-trafficking; Dealing in small-arms; Killing and rape committed in the course of an economic crime type of assault; Human trafficking for prostitution; Conflict over scarce

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