Those are the at-risk gangs or thugs that is frequently said to African American gangs. In the 1990s, gang violence was on the rise, where it was dominantly founded in youths. Anderson, Dyson, and Lee (1996) argued that when a group of African American youths join together and commits delinquent acts and crime, they already categorized as gangs to the American public. This affect and many other affects is what creates an increase in gang violence. Those other factors are socioeconomic status, history, race, gendered, and geographic background.
There are many ways in which one within a gang may commit a criminal act, whether it be the selling of narcotics, guns, assault and battery, or robbery. This, as well as putting the victim at risk of serious injury, can also put the perpetrator at risk of injury too. This can be from a failed attempt where the victim fought back, a deal going bad turning into a robbery and more. In the journal Gang Membership and Violent Victimization Peterson, Taylor, and Esbensen (2004: 795-796) conducted a study on victimization with 31% of the sample being gang members and found that "gang members account for a disproportionate amount of crime … commit[ing] approximately 69% of all violent offenses and 82% of the more serious violent crimes of aggravated assault, robbery, and sexual assault". This quote is interesting because it sheds light on the fact that when one is inducted into a gang, they have a much higher chance of performing the very act of victimization they were trying to avoid.
Retrieved November 14, 2015, from http://www.sparknotes.com/sociology/deviance/section1.rhtml). Norms dictate what is considered acceptable and unacceptable behavior across cultures. One category of deviance is crime, which occurs when someone violates a society's formal laws. Criminal deviance include a wide range of behavior, from minor traffic violations to arson to murder. For instance, a man robbing a store and someone driving over the speed limit, both fit into this category.
Each of these factors contributes in the development of communal atmosphere in which even mild provocation acts as a fuel to the fire and causes unreasonable massive violence. These are political factors, socio-political factors, and economic factors, business rivalries. Economic factors and rivalry was an issue prior to the 1980s but now it does not contribute much. Over the years, political mobilization for electoral gains together with psychological barrier creation has become one of the most important factors leading to communal violence. Paul Brass (1997) in his book Theft of an Idol mentioned about an “institutionalized riot system” which according to him consists of a network of actors, groups, and connections involving persons whose primary concern is to keep a city or town in a permanent state of awareness of Hindu-Muslim relationships.
They meddle in illegal activities like prostitution, drug-dealing and smuggling and loansharking. They take protection fees from shops under their area of protection. The Yakuza can also be commonly known as contractors where they provide services to the Japan’s society under high interest rates. Often, people who engaged their services usually get beaten up due to their lack of ability to pay the services’ high interest rate. (Velgus, 2012) Also, through their loan-sharking activities, frauds and interference in civil disputes, they have led to an increase in crime rates in Japan.
Small storefronts typically serve as the basis for the criminal operations. Ethnic lines are often crossed to cooperate in mutually profitable criminal activities. The operations can be highly sophisticated and depend on an extensive international network of criminal partnerships. Middle Eastern transnational criminal organizations are associated with various forms of fraud including financial, document, health care, and identity fraud. Additional illegal activity involves money laundering, auto theft, smuggling of stolen property, narcotics trafficking, cigarette smuggling, trademark counterfeiting, and the cargo theft of infacnt formula for
WHAT MEASURES SHOULD BE TAKEN TO COMBAT HUMAN TRAFFICKING? Human trafficking is defined as” the act where people are illegally transported from one country or area to another, basically for purposes of forced labour or commercial sexual exploitation”. Human trafficking is a serious crime and violation to human rights. Each year, thousands of people; men, women and children, fall into the hands of traffickers from within their own countries and abroad. This problem is widespread across nations irrespective of race.
This is the sad story of the crimes in Shanghai: life of addicts is full of misery and it’s hard to quit and may die when trying to quit. Corruption and Widespread Gang Activities Opium operations were mainly handled by local trade guilds and gangs. These gangs would control all the operations and in some cases these operations used violence. These gangs further bribed police officials to have disputes judged to their favor. The competition among trade guilds only encouraged for the growth of gangs.
• The ill-gotten money in the market results in all sorts of criminal activities that go on in the society including corruption of all sorts in the society. It encourages its illegal use especially during elections. The black money is used to support terrorist activities, which undermine even the security of the country. It is used to get illegal weapons in the hands of the groups of unsocial elements. The illegal money is squandered on large scale in clubs and hotels on all types of illegal activities including drug trafficking.