Tatyos Efendi Analysis

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I- Instrumental music: a- Tatyos Efendi is a Turkish composer, he composed classical Turkish songs. He first started to play the Kanun, and then he learned to play on the violin. He was a poet who wrote lyrics for his own work. He co-performed with Ahmed Rasim Bey and he was very successful with his instrumental works. His music reflected the conventional characteristics of the Turkish classical song. b- The instrument present, which is not typically Middle Eastern id the violin.
It is present in the classical Western style because it stands out from other instruments and is able to play a classical melody. c- The principal rhythmic pattern played in the first 3 khanat is: Samai thaqil. d- The nay is played by the conducter.
The Nay is
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h- Improvisation in middle is used for:
- Variety in the middle.
- Skills of the instrumentalist.
- To emphasize the change into another maqam.
The Improvisation in the beginning is used to prepare the instrumentalists and to introduce the Principal maqam.
Another example of song that used improvisation is “Longa FarahFaza Riyad Al Soumbati.” i- If played faster, it wouldn’t become a Longa because they do not have the same rhythmic pattern and time signature.
Similarities:
- They follow the same maqam pattern from K1 till K3.
- They both end with the principal maqam in the last T
- They have the same quick tempo in K4.
- The rhythmic pattern and time signature can be in Samai k4 ¾ (Samai Darij) as it is in K4 Longa
- They both require at least one instrument.

Differences
Samai Longa
K4 principal maqam K4 either principal maqam or S3M
Rhythmic pattern and time signature 10/8 (Samai thaqil) from K1 till last T except K4 Rhythmic pattern and time signature 2/4 (fox) till last T except K4
Tempo modurate till last T except K4 which is quick Tempo quick from K1 till last

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