Integrated Child Development Scheme

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INTRODUCTION India, a six decade independent country growing enormously in science and technology still strives hard to protect its children less than five years of age. According to UNICEF 2011 Report, with 20 percentage of 0-4 year child population in the world India has the credit for having largest number of children. With an estimate of 27 million live births India again constitute to 20 percentage of world’s live births. Contemporarily in India 1.83 million children die annually even before the completion of 5 fives. Though India since 1990 has significantly gained in child survivals within the age group of 1-4 years with a decline of 56 percentage While India has made significant gains in child survival in the age group 1-4 years since…show more content…
ICDS was introduced in October 1975 as a result of numerous researches and evaluation studies of over two decades. Through establishing a network of projects centres across the country this programme is given a holistic approach to the physical, psychological and social development of the child. Setting up ICDS for children and nursing mothers has been a major step by the Government of India to face the crucial challenge of providing pre-school non-formal education on one hand and breaking the atrocious link between malnutrition, morbidity, reduced learning capacity and sometimes mortality of the child on the other. Children in the age group of 0-6 years, pregnant women and lactating mothers are the beneficiaries of this…show more content…
It was descried by Government of India that due to poverty, poor standards of sanitation, ailments, infection, lack of access to basic primary health care, poor standards of child care and lastly improper feeding practices. Hence holistic packages of services such as Nutrition Supplementation to pregnant women, lactating mothers and children below six years, health and nutrition education to mothers, education for children till pre-school etc are provided. Services under ICDS: Women and Children from the marginalized economic and social sections are the primary beneficiaries of this programme. The ICDS Scheme offers a package of six services, viz. • Provide Supplementary Nutrition to Pregnant Women, Nursing Mothers and Malnourished Children. • Provide Pre-school Education as a preparation for primary schooling. • Nutrition & health education to women in the age group of 15-45 years to enable to look at their health, development and nutrition needs. • Immunization for Pregnant women and Infants for prevention and protect from

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