The aim of this essay is also to explain the developmental milestones focusing mainly on fine and motor development and to bring out what contributes to delays in reaching the milestones, assessing development of children from birth to the age of three. Piagetian/cognitive approach The way children develops takes place in many areas including the physical or motor skills, speech and language, social and emotional, cognitive and intellectual abilities (kid sense child development 2008). Due to these stages of development Piaget came up with a cognitive approach to further explain child development. Cognitive development is when one gets the quality to learn, process information, think and remember with time (Lynn and Wolf 2009). Jean Piaget came up with four stages of cognitive development but
Sensory Integration therapy or occupational therapy is an evidence-based treatment that has proven its effect on individuals with ASD who also has sensory problems. It is also concerned with how individuals function in daily life skills. During child development one of the most important skills is playing with a toy, so if your child is having problems in touching toys or manipulating a toy, SIT takes place in enhancing this skill that your child have impairments with, by introducing activities that are chosen by the child, with providing therapist’s assistance, to deliver the accurate combination of tactile, proprioceptive and vestibular sensory involvement to encounter the child’s particular developmental needs. The activities are wisely planned by the occupational therapist, with the difficulty steadily advanced so the challenge is always at the best level to encourage growth and complete
Children with Autism may struggle with play and social interactions with others, social communication, and pragmatics. While these struggles continue to develop in a child with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), there are various intervention approaches that can help a child with autism be more successful in the social world. One particular approach that can help them acquire the correct social skills is the Social Story intervention, developed by Carol Gray in 1991. The purpose of this intervention is to aid children with autism achieve appropriate behavior in social settings. According to Roth and Worthington, Social Stories is meant for children with autism, who are high functioning… and also foster executive functioning abilities, particularly
29). Learning disabilities, as defined by the National Center for Learning Disabilities (2014), are "neurological differences in brain structure and function and affect a person 's ability to receive, store, process, retrieve or communicate information" (p. 3). Furthermore, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) (2004) defines a learning disability as a disorder that affects one or more of the basic processes involved in understanding or using language, spoken or written. Students receiving special education services under IDEA must demonstrate that their disability significantly impacts their learning. For many students who struggle to read because of a learning disability, they perceive and sense the impact their disability has on their
As mentioned earlier, the collaboration of the parents, teachers, and therapists is still essential to maximize the effectiveness of the therapy and treatment. Common cases treated by occupational therapists in school are gross motor and fine motor skills, visual-motor integration and visual-perceptual skills. Children having difficulties in those skills would probably be having difficulties in reading, writing, mathematics, manipulation of tools, physical education, independence, and social integration. As proven by Palisano in 1989, children of ages six to nine years of age with those difficulties were able to improve on those skills with the help of occupational therapy
Behavioural and communication therapy where needed can help child develop required skills. Special educational need supporter treats speech defects and disorders and encourages the ability to communicate. The speech therapist works in partnership with parents, teachers and other professionals involved, to help children develop their communication skills to the best of their ability, and reach potential both educationally and socially. For some children, particularly those with speech sound difficulties, this may involve weekly sessions for a period of them. For other children, input may be at the level of working with parents and professionals to set appropriate goals and monitor progress Assistive technology Health officer Paediatrician medical
1. Introduction This discussion focuses on Draw a person (DAP) projective test which is used with a multi-cultural diverse population especially children. It is important to understand and conceptualise the development, history and interpretation of the DAP in order to administer it effectively. This test assess kids and adolescents’ non-verbal intellect and screen for emotional and behavioral disorders. 2.
According to Tracy Huber (2008, 1) “A teacher’s most essential job is to help students gain and retain knowledge —to take true ownership of what they have learned.” Through this quote we can interpret that learners need support such as concrete manipulatives to perform the necessary task in order to grasp the concepts. However concrete manipulatives have an important part to play in a learners schooling life especially towards maths. In my essay below I will explain the conceptual and procedural knowledge, the history of manipulatives, my understanding of concrete manipulatives, ways in which manipulatives can support students, how manipulatives help students gain conceptual knowledge and how a grade 3 teacher can teach Cuisenaire rods in equivalent
Assessments are done to enable the building of a programme to facilitate a child’s strengths/needs, or who need additional services or supports such as SNA’s. It also allows for planning and constructing intervention programmes to aid ones learning. An assessment needed for the diagnosis of ADHD is multifaceted and includes behavioural, medical, and educational data gathering. One component of the diagnosis includes an examination of the child’s history through comprehensive interviews with parents, teachers, and health care professionals. Interviewing these individuals determines the child’s specific behaviour characteristics, when the behaviour began, duration of symptoms, whether the child displays the behaviour in various settings, and coexisting conditions.
What are special needs? Special needs are individuals with a mental, emotional, or a physical disability. Special needs children and adults may need help with communicating, movement, self-care, and decision- making. Individuals with disabilities or special needs may require special care. To ensure their safety, several laws have been enacted into government: Autism, ADHD.