Intellectual Freedom In The Philippines

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In the last view of Rizal in regards with the Post-colonial period, freedom could be attained through the release of creative forces. This “release of creative forces” that Rizal referred to was intellectual freedom. Wherein, freedom from ignorance could determine the hindrances and detriments towards freedom, and thus these forces will be creative enough to attain solutions essential for freedom. However, because these forces are due to creativity, variations among perspectives differ. Thus, solutions towards freedom could be extremely diverse. If, freedom for the country would be the specified goal, solutions could be bipartite. There would be a choice that would consist of two choices - reform and revolution. It is specified that the case…show more content…
Specifically, the aim of his book is to educate the readers regarding the presence of societal systems, beliefs, practices and equipments in pre-hispanic Philippine civilization. b.) In 16th century Philippines, the nobility was a form of hierarchical society wherein the datu would occupy the highest position in terms of rank along with other positions that include the maharlikas, the timawa, and the lowest ranking position - alipin. c.) Instances of ultra-liberal cultural practices in the pre-colonial Philippines would be the use of Penis pins, wherein it would be utilized to improve sexual experiences for women. Tattooing can also be classified as a form of ultra-liberal practice in the pre-colonial Philippines, although another form of tattooing is existent in society, the practice of filling the body with ink to serve as marks of honor are quite no longer practiced. d.) There is civilization in pre-colonial Philippines. To provide an example, laws are implemented and observed. As barbarous as it may seem, punishments that range from low to high intensity are observed in accordance with the…show more content…
To cite instances of wrong perceptions held by the west, claims for the inexistence of prehistoric culture in the Philippines are accepted to be true before archaeological accounts were to disprove these claims. Another example would be western claims regarding absence of necessary practices in the prehistoric Philippines such as religion, fashion, law etc. but was proven to be otherwise. c.) Practices such as dating of prehistoric objects through approximation using scientific basis could be achieved in archaeology, but could not be achieved in history. (e.g carbon dating) In addition, precise determination of prehistoric culture and objects can be achieved with physical proof without complete reliance to assumption-based conclusions. d.) Archaeology can be utilized in promoting politics through unifying individuals by the use of cultural and national identity, achievements and goals in building a highly nationalistic approach. Whereas, the utility of archaeology can implicate polar outcomes, in which it could result in something positive or vice
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