There are a lot of enlightenment ideas like free speech, divide power and majority rules. The enlightenment idea that I am talking about contains all three of ideas. It is made by John Locke and is called as natural rights. I think the most important idea that challenges the existing authority is the natural rights. The enlightenment idea of natural rights challenged the existing authority of the king because he thinks he is the only one that has rights and no one else has it.
John Locke was a philosopher and political scientist. He had many interests and produced a number of writings that influenced future leaders. One of these leaders was Thomas Jefferson, who was involved with the aid of America and the act gaining independence from Britain. The Declaration of Independence and Locke’s views on government contain many similar aspects. These ideas includes the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness (natural rights); the protection that is provided by the government for these rights; and the altering or abolishment of government if it fails to provide and protect the rights of the people. There may also be some differentiating ideas regarding these two sources. An example of this may be that, even though Jefferson and Locke agreed that the people should be able to overthrow the government if their rights were encroached upon, Hobbes believed that this would lead to a state of nature, which wouldn’t end greatly.
The scientific revolution made a vast impact on everyday lives, it caused computers, phones, and other items to be invented. This revolution has caused many conflicts, and with these conflicts it had changed the way people lived and made many people question life. The revolution had made many benefits for people and there were also some people that were harmed during this time. The scientific revolution had many different actions that caused wonderful objects to be invented and allowed people to know more about the world. Different actions were done to create the scientific revolution similar to when the societies developed conflicts, such as when Copernicus made the solar system, how the conflicts changed the societies by the church going against people, the people who experience harmed such as Galileo, and the people who benefitted from the change such as other boys.
The ideas of the Enlightenment influenced the American Revolution and the formation of the American Government. Firstly, The Enlightenment was a philosophical evolution that emphasized the aged ideas of the Greeks and Romans. In addition, the major philosophers of this time period were Voltaire, John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, Rousseau, Adam Smith and Isaac Newton. Their ideals include having an absolute monarch as a government (T.H), the separation of powers (Mont.), the government should not interfere with a free market economy (A.S), the freedom of speech (Volt.), the government could be overruled (J.L), and the government should rule according to the will of the people. Nevertheless, these ideals are important because they shaped the government that we have today. Therefore, these ideals massively aroused the
Locke was an English philosopher widely known for his political theories and is considered to be one of the most influential enlightenment thinkers. Contrary to what Hobbes said, Locke believed that when an infant is born he is neither good or evil. He said that every human being is born with a blank slate, or tabula rasa as he called it. As the infant grew older, the environment surrounding him shaped his personality. It was believed that adult surrounding the child could potentially have an everlasting effect on the child’s future. Since a child’s mind is so malleable, any person could shape it with assiduity. Locke also believed that each and every person is born with three basic natural rights: life, liberty, and property. One knows when these rights are being violated when someone tries to take your life, your liberty and if someone stole your possessions. Locke believed that government only existed to protect these natural rights. His father fought in what is known as the English Civil War, which is the war between Parliament and the King over how much power the King should have. So Locke knew that the government could you abuse its power by taking away your natural rights just as easily as you are
During the 18th Century, the Enlightenment was introduced in Europe. This new movement brought about modernization of thinking about government and individualism, and reevaluated previous beliefs. The Enlightenment had many new Philosophers who helped spread their views on government. Philosophers were similar in ideas about the rights of citizens and people’s choice of which government they want, however they differed on the reason government existed and governmental power. Overall, the ideas were a substantial departure from previous ideas about human equality, absolute rulers, and the court system.
During the Enlightenment many new ideas inspired the government and the people to come together to better society. People such as John Locke, Beccaria and many others had different ideas of how to reform the government during the Enlightenment period, which lasted from 1685-1815. The ideas created by the philosophers of this time included new beliefs and new laws. This ultimately leads to new relations forming between the government and the people. The propositions proposed by the Enlightenment altered the association between government and society by uniting the ideas of the government and the people, promoting the tolerance of all religions, and giving justice to the people.
The Enlightenment took place during the 17th and 18th Century in Europe. It was a time in which philosophes questioned social norms and found their voice. These three philosophes argued that all individuals both men and women should have more freedom. The Enlightenment was a time period in which people questioned the government, religion, and gender.
The Enlightenment period gave way to many great thinkers, known in this era as philosophes, who fought to improve society through reason and their influential statuses. The main idea of Enlightenment thinkers, such as John Locke, Voltaire, and Mary Wollstonecraft, was to change perspectives on topics of interest, that were previously discredited, in society.
John's main sphere of influence was Europe, specifically England. He was very influential at the time for England. Maybe even one of the most influential people in the world at the time. He also influenced the American, French and Haitian revolutions. John was a Philosopher. John Locke has influenced many other leaders too such as George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams and Benjamin Franklin.
The industrial revolution had a lot of positives as well as negatives. While some might argue that Industrialization had primarily negative consequences for society because the long work hours but, it was actually a positive thing for society. Industrialization’s positive effects were that it actually created jobs, and creations of machines made easier for people to work.
Many of his thoughts and principles were studied and adopted by the founders of the United States and are evident in documents, just like the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. Locke emphasized the freedom of humans, the equality of all before God, regulation and authorities through consent of the governed, and he justified the overthrow of presidency when it fails the people. Jean-Jacques Rousseau was another prominent thinker from the Enlightenment era. Rousseau differed with Locke about the position of the individual in relation to the country, with Rousseau emphasizing the importance of the ruled being worried in
Voltaire write about English while his main audiences is French because he regarded English , which held tolerant attitude towards philosophy and religion, as the mold to France. Living in England to avoid conflicts with French Church and sate, he closed observed British political system and found it a valuable
Voltaire the “Outside-the-Box” Thinker In the 18th century, the french enlightenment thinker, Françios-Marie d’ Arouet, also known as Voltaire, created plays, poems, novels, essays, and historical and scientific works. Born 1694, in Paris, Voltaire was the fourth child to be born to a wealthy, aristocratic family. He attended the college Louis-le-Grand