Intelligence According To Howard Gardner's Theory Of Intelligence

2009 Words9 Pages
Introduction

It has been previously believed that intelligence was a single thing that was inborn, and that human beings, could be trained to learn anything, provided that it was presented in an appropriate way (Smith, 2002, 2008)

According to the originator of multiple intelligences theory, Howard Gardner, however, intelligence can be defined in three ways, namely belonging to all human beings; an element on which human beings are different; and the ways in which a person carries out a task in based on their goals (McFarlane, 2011).

According to Smith and Smith, Howard Gardner has been a paradigm shifter on the subject of intelligence. He has questioned the idea that intelligence is a single thing, that it results from a single factor, and that it can be measured simply via IQ tests (Smith, Smith, 2002, 2008).

According to Howard Gardner, our schools and society focus most of their attention on linguistic and logical-mathematical intelligence. We respect those highly articulate or logical people, however, he has said that we should also place equal attention on individuals who are gifted or show strengths in the other intelligences. Unfortunately, many children who have these gifts or talents don’t receive much support for them in school. Many of them, in fact, are labelled as having a “learning disability”, suffering from "ADD (attention deficit disorder), or are simply underachievers when their own unique ways of thinking and learning are not covered in a greatly
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