Intelligence And General Intelligence: The Evolution Of Intelligence Theories

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3.1 Evolution of Intelligence Theories Intelligence was earlier thought to be connected with intellect and cognition. So, it was supposed that there was only one form of intelligence which was named as general intelligence. Based on this concept, a person was understood to be born with a certain intelligence which could be assessed by using short answer test (IQ tests). Psychologists also believed that this intelligence was hard to change. French psychologist Alfred Binet was the one who developed the first successful test of intelligence in response to a request by French public school authorities for a test that could pinpoint school children who are at a risk of underperforming in comparison to their peers in academic achievement. He is generally known as the father of IQ testing. In 1905 he created the Binet-Simon scale along with Theodore Simon, the first intelligence test for students in French language. Binet 's test consisted of a series of 30 short tasks related to everyday problems arranged in order of increasing difficulty. Later it was revised in 1908 and 1911. Scores obtained with this scale were found to be significantly correlated with other school outcome measures. Lewis Terman of Stanford University was the first person to use this test in the U.S.A. He found that the French norms which were the basis of the test did not work well in U.S. schools. The Binet-Stanford revision was made to adjust to U.S. conditions. This test is still popular today, even

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