Empathy allows the nurse to relate to the client’s pain or distress. Listening to the client speak about an experience, allows the nurse to imagine how they felt. Different types of therapeutic communication skills help the nurse to be empathetic towards the client. Nurses should be non-judgemental when they are with a client. They should respect the client despite their mental health backgrounds.
Psychology can be used to help nurses to understand the patient, and understand how they are feeling and also as a nurse, you can be able to understand the patient physically, emotionally, etc… Psychology plays a major role in nursing. For a nurse to be in the nursing field they have to be able to understand how a patient thinks, feels, and understands. Psychology refers to human activities including education, events, employment, association, relationship and treatment of mental health difficulties. Everything we perform is much related to psychology. Basically psychology studies who and what we are, why we are like that, why we act and think like that and what we could be as a person and it’s a nurse job to find out all of this from the patient.
Nurses play a crucial role in the management of pain of patients; discuss this statement with reference to the relevant literature. Accurate pain assessment is essential for effective pain management. Evaluating patient’s pain should be done routinely while also recording vital signs. Andrews and Boyle (2008) point out that nurses have certain expectations and attitudes to pain. However, perception is reality and the patient’s self-report of pain is what should be used to determine pain intensity.
In psychiatric nursing in particular, following this model can allow a nurse to encourage a patient to be as independent as possible. Upon evaluation, while it provides a pattern to follow in order to deliver nursing care, it is too linear. Each patient’s recovery and circumstances are unique, and a nurse sometimes must adjust the level or order of care provided in order to suit the patient. Orem’s theory sets the standard of how nursing care should be delivered, when this isn’t realisitic. Overall, Orem’s model is a comprehensive pattern in providing nursing
Empowerment is an additional concept related to advocacy. As patient advocates, nurses empower their patients to take control and take responsibility for their health and wellness. Advocacy describes the nurse-patient relationship primarily from the perspective of the nurse where as empowerment is described from the patient’s perspective (Falk Rafael, 1995). Empowerment supports patients by equipping them with the tools they need to create change, be responsible, and assertive. In contrast, advocacy is valuing the patient’s freedom and self-determination, promoting and protecting the patient’s rights, and interceding between the patient and others.
It reflects the exploration of one's thoughts, beliefs, behaviours, approaches and values (Bibi, 2016). In healthcare, nurses are constantly interacting with individuals who may not share the same characteristics, therefore, it's very important to recognise these differences in order to successfully develop a therapeutic alliance which will lead to a healthy therapeutic relationship (Rasheed, 2015, p. 213 - 214). Nurses that don't take into consideration self-awareness tend to project personal opinions and beliefs onto those who may not share the same values. (Rasheed, 2015, Bibi, 2016) Therefore, being aware and staying neutral will allow nurses to be person-centred, participating in active listening and having mutual understanding. Reflection is an important aspect of self-awareness and allows health professionals to look back and analyse practices, identifying which aspects need further development (Rasheed, 2015, p. 214, Bibi 2016).
They help individual and families deal with difficult emotions, mental disorder and trauma. According to Xuan-Yi, Wei-Fen., Hsin-Hsin, & Huai-Fen (2008), the role is often used when nurses provide crisis intervention and give directive counsel. The most common reasons for crisis treatment is when the patient turn to violent or aggressive behavior, persecutory delusions and auditory hallucinations. As well as, mental health counselors also help their patients learn to modify their emotional and behaviors for better result. Furthermore, protecting the rights of clients and families would be another role play by community mental health nurses.
High levels of uncertainty are related to high emotional distress, anxiety and depression. Uncertainty in family will make the function of the family as main supporter in preventing anxiety of clients to grow. Doubt in perceived illness is influenced by several factors, namely ambiguity, uncertainty, complexity and inconsistency (Mishell, 1988; Mormick, 2002). The results of interaction with nurse can be significant in reducing anxiety, tension and frustration that support the quality of nursing care. The quality of nursing care is strongly influenced by the quality of relationship between nurse and patients (Peplau, 1952; Tomey,
They would be able to build a therapeutic bond and trust with the clients which will enable the clients to speak freely and this will help the therapists find the root of the problem and formulate strategies to help the client (Wampold, 2011) Effective communication is key in psychotherapy. Linguistic intelligence will assist the psychotherapists when communicating with the patients. The therapists will know all the right words to use to influence and persuade the patient to ensure that no problem is left bottled inside the client. They would also know which words not to use when dealing with clients. It has been scientifically proven that doing body exercises can reduce stress, anxiety, and depression (Ashish, 2006).
1.2 Significance of the Study The researchers intend to develop competencies for mental health nurse. Moreover, the researches would also like to find out the roles and responsibilities, knowledge, skill and attitudes or behaviors of mental health nurses. Furthermore, the study would also be beneficial to the following: Patients with mental health problems. The primary recipients for the effects and benefits of the study will be the patients with mental health problems. They are the ones who are being directly addressed with nursing care by mental health nurses.