Gardner found that there are eight intelligences and could possibly be more. Howard Gardner attended the University of Harvard, he was originally going to study history. After he attended a year at London school of economics. He started Harvard’s developmental psychology doctoral program in 1966 and became part of the Project Zero research team (a long-term study of human intellectual and creative development). His interest in human cognition was influenced by his tutor Erik Erikson.
The G factor can be measured by an IQ test 2. The G factor is a good indication of school performance Disadvantages/weakness of Charles Spearman’s theory: 1. The backlash and criticism regarding how the G factor only measures General Intelligence 2. The G factor doesn’t take into account other various activities such as motor abilities, perception and musical abilities. HOWARD GARDNER: MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE Multiple Intelligence: Howard Gardner (1943-current) originally identified and stated that there are 7 (later 9) specific types of intelligence.
(Bernstein and Nash, 2008). IQ tests also test this type of intelligence, and Western school systems favour this intelligence above all else with emphasis on memorising and analysis (Sternberg, 2005). Practical intelligence is the second form of intelligence described by Sternberg and this is the ability to apply knowledge outside of the classroom (Sternberg, 2005). Sternberg explains that high practical intelligence is a “better predictor of adaptive functioning in the everyday world”(Sternberg, 1999, p. 438) compared to analytical intelligence, citing a study of Russian adults which found that those with high practical intelligence had lower incidence of anxiety and depression and had better physical health. Creative intelligence is the third type of intelligence and it focuses on the ability to excel when faced with a novel scenario – ie an unfamiliar task or situation (Jacobson, Mulick and Rojahn, 2007).
According to Gardner, human intelligence involves a configuration of several complementary abilities in an individual (Owens & Valesky, 2011). This paper analyzes the impact of Howard Gardner’s multiple intelligence theory (MIT) on schools and educators. It will achieve this by discussing the seven MIT intelligences that include linguistic intelligence, logical-mathematical intelligence, music intelligence, bodily-kinesthetic intelligence,
Intelligence comes in a wide variety; it’s not only measured by one’s knowledge of books and performance in the classroom, but when it comes to measuring the intelligence of an individual you will always have controversial responses. Academic Intelligence is clearly not seen through Gerald Graff and Mark Rose’s essays. In Gerald Graff’s work entitled, “Hidden Intelligence”, he covers the points on his personal opinion on how intelligence is not found in people who are “book smart”, but also in those who are “street smart”. Similar to Graff’s essay, Mark Rose touches upon the idea that people who spend more of their time in a more academic environment are not as intelligent as those who don’t. Although both Graff and Rose touch upon similar ideas with minimal differences, they both view each of the problems with different perspectives by creating solutions to their
In fact psychologist Albert Mehrabian stated in 1972 that 93% of a message is non-verbal and that only 7% is verbal communication, (Alder 177). This is one of the more extreme standpoints by psychologists; however, it does explain the role of non-verbal communication and its importance. “Some theorists argue that it is impossible not to communicate,” suggesting that we are constantly sending and receiving messages (Alder
The Test of Nonverbal Intelligence-4 (TONI-4), counts the intelligence, aptitude, problem solving and abstract reasoning skills of children and the adults within 15 to 20 minutes. The test contains figures with ascending order of difficulty and representing the shape, position, direction, proximity, rotation, shading, size, and the movement. Easier items contain one or two above mentioned salient characteristics and the difficult items contains several salient characteristics.The intelligence test results are useful for the different types of settings. In educational setting: To identify and support the children with learning difficulties, design the lesson plans to develop the children’s critical thinking skills. In organizational settings, to hire the appropriate candidates and plan training
Considering that emotional intelligence deals more with skills to be developed than just personality traits, I look at areas of growth for myself when it comes to explaining my own emotional intelligence. I learned that emotional intelligence involves interpersonal skills and the ability to manage the behaviors and emotions of others in the workplace. In order to achieve emotional intelligence at a high level, many factors regarding one 's self must be analyzed. Self-Awareness, Self Motivation, and Self Regulation are all key components of emotional intelligence. In order to be self aware, I must be able to understand my own emotions, and my own strengths and weaknesses, as well as my needs.
This intelligence is very much involved in the acquisition and usage of language on the whole. 2. Logical/Mathematical Intelligence The capacity to make use of numbers effectively and to reason well. This intelligence includes sensitivity to logical patterns and relationships, statements and propositions, functions and other related abstractions. 3.
Just to understand the fundamental processes that caused the behavior to happen, cognitive psychologists still take behavior into account rather than the behavior itself because cognitive psychology is the study of mental process only. Cognitive psychology as being the study of mental process includes attention, memory, language development, problem solving, and decision-making. Information processing approach and the connectionist approach are the two main branches of thought in cognitive psychology. Information processing looks at the brain like a machine that both encodes and stores data for retrieval at a later time. This approach has been popular since the 1950s.