Existentialism emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one 's acts. Existentialism maintains existence precedes essence. This implies that the human being has no essence, no essential self and is no more that what he is. He is only the life is so far he has created and achieved for himself. Superfluity, contingency, alienation, suffering, helplessness, freedom and responsibility, despair and religious spiritual detachment are the themes of existentialism.
“But it is the nature of stars to cross, and never was Shakespeare more wrong than when he has Cassius note, ‘The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars. But in ourselves.” “What matters to you defines your mattering.” –John Green, The Fault In Our Stars Existentialism is a philosophy that highlights individual existence, freedom and choice. It is the view that humans define their own meaning in life, and try to make rational decisions despite existing in an irrational universe. It focuses on the question of human existence, and the feeling that there is no purpose or explanation at the core of existence. It holds that, as there is no God or any other transcendent force, the only way to counter this nothingness (and hence to find meaning in life) is by embracing existence.
I would then conclude by saying that as an individual I have freedom and I should be responsible for everything. Differences between the in-itself and for-itself The main distinction between the two types of beings is consciousness. The fundamental property of consciousness is intentionality. Consciousness is not intentional but it is also transparent. This means that consciousness is always at some level aware of what it is doing.
The central theme of existentialism is freedom of the individual. It emphasizes that Man is ultimately responsible for his own actions. Sartre’s notions of absurdity and alienation are connected to existential philosophy. In his essay, ‘The Humanism of Existentialism’ Sartre observes that man is solely responsible for his actions as there is no God he is not predestined by any concepts. Sartre’s philosophy of existentialism is that man is not predestined for his actions he is absolutely free to make his own destiny and is thereby solely responsible for his decisions.
The will, was considered purely in itself, is devoid of knowledge, and only a blind irresistible urge. And because the will as a drive that is purely in itself, blind and irresistible urge, it continuous to will on its own. It just will and will unconsciously without even knowing what it is willing. And because it is the only thing-in-itself, according to Schopenhauer, the affirmation of the will is the continues willing itself, undisturbed by any knowledge, such as willing does, in general, occupy human life. What gives the human subject of knowledge the key to his self understanding is the will itself.
It claims that people have their own choices and they have full liberty to express their point of view. It is totally subjective based approach. Peoples’ choices have no concerned and connection with the science laws or nature. This theory has a high validity due to a true world’s presentation. It is an utmost duty of an interpretivist to take care of peoples’ differences.
Equality lives for objectivism because he states, “I owe nothing to my brothers, nor do I gather debts from them. I ask none to live for me, nor do I live for any others…” (Rand 96). By saying this, Equality 7-2521 shows he believes in being an individual is more powerful than living for others. He also states that using the word ‘we’ when referring to yourself is “… the root of all evils on earth, the root of man’s torture by men, and of an unspeakable lie,” (Rand 96). The main difference between a collectivists society and Equality’s philosophy of Objectivism is priority.
He introduces the concept of the ‘state of nature’ in his articles. He describes this as a hypothetical time in the human beings life where he/she live uncorrupted by society. One of the main characteristics of the ‘state of nature’ is that people are free to do as they wish. They have complete physical freedom. With that being said, it also has a few disadvantages such as, people are unaware of morality and rationality of life and societal requirements.
Rousseau defines natural man as a man who is totally self-sufficient; he does not depend on anybody. The key notions that guarantee man’s freedom are autonomy and self-sufficiency. His behaviour could be compared to the one of an animal; in the sense that his actions were mainly driven by sensations: “Man’s first feeling was of his existence, his first care of preserving it” (see The Second Discourse, Second Part, page 114). There was no point to hinder neither himself nor another human being. From this necessity to self-preservation, Rousseau introduces the concept of perfectibility.
When you seek to know the reality without illusion, complete with all its pain and danger, that is when real freedom and security are yours. This is not some doctrine we are trying to drill into you. This is an observable reality, a thing you can and should see for