This new law caused an increase from an estimated 300,000 to 2 million prison inmates over the course of the last two decades. (Michelle Alexander, 2010) According to Rebecca C. Hatey and Jennifer L. Eberhdt of Stanford University, California holds only 7% of African American population but 45% of California’s prison inmates are African American under the three strikes law. (Racial Disparities in Incarceration Increase Acceptance of Punitive Policies 2014) Michelle Alexander writes that the mass incarceration of the 1990’s created a new “racial caste system” and extreme funding for the criminal system. (Michelle Alexander, 2010:58) The three strikes law targeted the communities affluent with minority groups. At the turn of the 21st century the majority that entered the prison system were African Americans and Latinos.
Sutton 4 Works Citied Apecsecadmin. “Capital Punishment Pros and Cons” N.p., 08 May 2015 Accessed 05 Feb. 2018 apecsec.org/capital-punishment-pros-and-cons Durand, Maria F. “Prison Escape on the Decline.” ABC News. ABC News Network, Accessed 13 Feb 2018 abcnews.go.com/US/story Emigh, Jacqueline. “How Much Does Ohio Spend on Prisons?” Newsmax Inc., 09 Dec. 2015 Accessed 05 Feb. 2018 newsmax.com/FastFeatures/prison-spending-ohio Pai, Varsha. “5 Pros and Cons of Capital Punishment.” List Crown.
There are a lot of things that influence African Americans lives, but jail incarceration and poverty seems to be at the root. I am mentioning poverty because unjust jail incarceration is linked adjacent to it. According to the State of Working America in a 2013 study, African Americans, poverty rates are the highest at 27%. According to the NAACP, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, “African Americans now constitute nearly 1 million of the total 2.3 million incarcerated population.” According to the U.S. Sentencing Commission in a 2010 study, African Americans offenders receive sentences that are 10% longer than white offenders for the same crimes.
EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.janxdis.2014.03.003. Staggers-Hakim, Raja. "The Nation’s Unprotected Children and the Ghost of Mike Brown, or the Impact of National Police Killings on the Health and Social Development of African American Boys." Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, vol. 26, no.
Micro – level crimes explain the reasons in individual level. Strain theory emphasizes the presence in person’s life negative aspects and stimuli that cause anger. In this case, people commit the white collar crimes due to the inability to achieve their goals and the fear of losing social status. Additionally, routine activities theory explains why corporate people commit such kind of crimes. According to this theory, three conditions conducive the realization of the crime, including “a target, a motivated offender, and lack of capable Guardians” (Lugo).
East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press. Lichter, D. T., Parisi, D., & Taquino, M. C. (2012). The geography of exclusion: Race, segregation, and concentrated poverty. Social Problems, 59(3), 364-388. Doi10.1525/sp.2012.59.3.364 Margo, R. A.
2016. Retrieved 13 Jun. 2016 from https://www.boundless.com/sociology/textbooks/boundless-sociology-textbook/race-and-ethnicity-10/sociological-perspectives-on-race-and-ethnicity-83/the-functionalist-perspective-484-6546/ Conflict Theory Definition | Investopedia http://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/conflict-theory.asp#ixzz4BRil7B00 Conflict theory | Introduction to Sociology Keirns, Nathan J., Eric Strayer, Heather Griffiths, Susan Cody-Rydzewski, Gail Scaramuzzo, Tommy Sadler, and Sally Vyain. Griffin, E. (1997). A first look at Communication Theory.
1, Jan. 2015, pp. 26-53. EBSCOhost, Darling-Hammond, Linda. Unequal Opportunity: Race and Education page 1 BROOKINGS Inc. Goldstein, Borgan, Dardaian & HO (GBDH) Butler v. Home Depot inc. page 1 Civil Rights & Workers Rights Class Action Attorneys Kim, Anthony B. Economic Freedom Enables Great Escape from Poverty, Commentary Poverty and Inequality.
The Civil War was one of the most immense battles in American History. The war started in 1861 and lasted for 4 years. This war was between the Union and the Confederacy. By the end of this devastating war, the Reconstruction era began. During the Reconstruction of 1865-1877, many different issues, including political, social, and economic impacted African American lives in many different ways.
1. As I engaged in watching the video "Young, Black and Male in New Orleans” several social issues was addressed. First, one of the issues is the significant gap in poverty among minorities and whites, specifically African Americans. African American is two to three times more likely to be poor then white children. Furthermore, black children are more than seven times more likely to spend more than half of their childhood years in poverty.