The Mechanisms Of Intercultural Communication

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In the same way, communication reveals the mechanisms a community have for conflict resolution, making decisions processes, learning styles and knowledge transfer to other generations. Those mechanisms and contents are transmitted using words, gestures, images and sounds; as well as speeches, writing, internet, media, rituals, ceremonies, among others (Mato, 2012).
As already mentioned, societies live today in a globalized and interconnected world in which the interdependence between different communities is evident in different levels economic, political, academic, social and cultural. However, the question is what happens when these societies with different cultural identities get in contact? How is it possible to communicate a message without
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In this way, the intercultural communication emerges as the study of these encounters between different cultures, with the aim of understanding the system of signification, the values and ways of thinking of different societies. Thereby, the intercultural communication is a field that focuses on understanding the experiences, the communication mechanisms, and the cultural codes that reflect values, attitudes, cognitions and behaviours of the different cultures. With the aim of providing clues and develop a good communication system that allows understanding besides the cultural differences (Yu, 2014).
In accordance with the above, humans are cultural beings builders of meanings and interpretations of what surrounds them. However, such interpretations vary among members of different cultures. Different meanings are given to the same practice by different communities. For this reason, to have a positive intercultural communication, it is important to consider the different ways of reading and understanding the world by
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Particularly if its members feel threatened by unfamiliar situations. The fifth dimension is long and short-term orientation, which evidence if a community puts its efforts focusing on the past, present or future. And finally, the last dimension is indulgence-restraint which describes whether a society is focused on gratification or control human desires. For example, some communities seek indulgence, allowing its members to live without restrictions. On the other hand, others communities have strict social rules that forbid to its members the enjoyment of life. In this framework proposed by Hofstede, it is possible to find different countries that have been positioned in relation to other countries, through scores in each of these dimensions (Hofstede,
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