a. Sociology is the study of the social relationships that affect the humans as well as institutions. It involves many fields of study that include crime, religion, family, race, culture and society among others. It is the primary purpose of sociology to provide linkage to all of these different subjects to help in understanding how humans behave (Smith, 2016). b. Sociological enquiry is the careful analysis of the motivational factors as well as the behavior of a certain individual within a particular group of people.
Social influence can take different forms. Majority and minority influence research has studied how groups influence the attitudes and behaviours within society of individuals and groups while also promoting an ingroup and outgroup attitude that comes from Social Identity Theory (Tajfel & Turner, 1979). Majority influence is a normative influence where people ‘conform’ to the majority (Cialdini and Goldstein, 2004) attitudes, beliefs, and behaviours to group norms and it has the power to reward or punish. Minority influence occurs when an individual or small group reject the majority norm (Cook, 2011) and seek change by making the majority reconsider their views with new concepts and ideas, which is an example of informational influence. These
Critical Reflection In this assignment, I am going to define cultural awareness and cultural intelligence, and will also discuss how they relate to each other. Cultural awareness is the foundation of communication; it involves the ability to standing back from over selves and becoming aware of cultural values, beliefs and perceptions (Brislin.2006). Being aware of own cultural includes the goals and boundaries of a cultural; it also includes religion, language and relationships. On the other hand cultural intelligence has various meanings (Brislin.2006). In one way cultural intelligence includes behaviour with different people who have different cultures.
Lewis Model analyzed behavior and beliefs of people for learning cultural differences from different areas, thereby providing the reference basis for communicating better with people of different culture. In this article, Lewis divided countries in culture relation to three categories, which named linear-active, multi-active and reactive. Then Lewis structured a chart and offered details about the differences in some behavior of people from different culture by comparing. Therefore, people can foresee and make an assumption with a high veracity how others will contact with them. Lewis's model is correct in describing cultural differences within a certain period.
He believed that it was a form of epistemological realism and a social science. Durkheim believed that “social science should be purly holistic”. He believed that understanding the understanding the behaviors of a person which is considered psycology is just as important as the behaviors of a society which is considered sociology. Psycology is the study of an individual while sociology is the study of a society. Durkheim believed that “sociology was a science of institutions” or beliefs and modes of behavior instituted by the collectivity".
linguistic, sociological, psychological. In order to make it easier to examine communication, Fiske makes some assumptions, thereby, he establishes “a general definition of communication as ‘social interaction through messages’”(1990: 2). Moreover, he emphasises two main traditions in the study of communication, which are: the process school and the semiotic school. Both of them define communication as Fiske (1990: 2) did it, but they interpret and understand it on their own way. In order
The role of language in identity formation The function of language is not confined to merely being an instrument of communication. It also serves another equally significant role in people’s identity formation. Language can potentially encourage, social ties on the bases of a common identity (Dieckhoff, 2004). On the other hand, differences in the languages used may lead to difficulties in communication and hence social division. This essay will discuss the significance of language in formations of ethnic and national identities in modern context, as well as the reciprocal relationship between language development and identity formation.
Communication and culture, while two different concepts, interweave with one another. To study communication, one should study different cultures. On the other hand, if one would study culture, studying how a certain society communicates with one another would shed some light into their customs and traditions. With this, culture can be used as determinants of how people communicate. In short, culture is communication in the form of symbols and language.
Extended from this definition, intercultural communication can be defined as “the sharing of information on different levels of awareness and control between people with different cultural backgrounds, where different cultural backgrounds include both national cultural differences and differences which are connected with participation in the different activities that exist within a national unit” (Allwood, 1985). Or intercultural communication is communication between people whose cultural perceptions and symbol systems are distinct enough to alter the communication event. For example, the communication between Vietnamese people and an English expert, or the communication between French businessmen and their Vietnamese partners or the communication between an Australian instructor with his Vietnamese
Sociology is the scientific study of human social relationships and interactions. Sociology 's subject matter is diverse. Subject matter for sociology ranges from the micro level of an individual and interaction to the macro level of systems and the social structure. At the society level, sociology examines and explains matters like crime and law, poverty and wealth, prejudice and discrimination, schools and education, business firms, urban community, and social movements. We can see these subject matters crystal clear as sociology ranges from crime to religion, from the family to the state, from the divisions of race and social class to the shared beliefs of a common culture and from social stability to radical change in whole societies.