Intercultural Communication Concepts

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2.1. The concept of Intercultural Communication Intercultural communication is an impact between different cultures, different linguistic orgins and social groups which helps to establish contact between them and mutual understanding. Term Intercultural Communication is used to describe processes and problems which appear among different cultures, religions, educational backgrounds, ethnic and social. The lack of these contacts may led to the ignorance and unaquaintance of other cultures which is called a cultural shock and it may also lead to the misunderstandings between that cultures. Intercultural communication is often called a cross-culture communication. It helps to understand how people from other nations, cultures etc. behave, act,…show more content…
Every approach is based on a different foundation about human behaviour, human nature and human nature of knowledge. Each of them helps to understand the relations between humans’ communication and culture, their behaviour, First of them is called the social science approach. These approaches are different if it is about humans’ behaviour, what they want to achieve (what goals) and also their way of understanding the communication and culture. The first approach is called the social science approach or functionalist approach. Was popular in 1980’s “based on research in psychology and sociology. This approach assumes a describable external reality. It also assumes that human behavior is predictable and that the researcher’s goal is to describe and predict behavior. Researchers who take this approach often use quantitative methods, gathering data by administering questionnaires or observing subjects firsthand.” (J. N. Martin & T. K. Nakayama, 2010), (p. 54). Culture changes and it means that culture influences the communication the same as personality influences it. It should be predicted how culture influences communication. “Social science research usually searches for universal generalizations and studies cultures objectively, with an “outsider’s” view; in this way, it is “etic.”” (J. N. Martin & T. K. Nakayama, 2010), (p.…show more content…
Static-Dynamic Dialectic, intercultural communication can be static and dynamic. “Some cultural and communication patterns remain relatively constant, whereas other aspects of cultures (or personal traits of individuals) shift over time—that is, they are dynamic.” (J. N. Martin & T. K. Nakayama, 2010), (p. 74). History/Past-Present/Future Dialectic, people should be focused on the past and present if they want to understand the intercultural communication. People should be aware of “contemporary forces and realities that shape interactions of people from different cultural groups” (J. N. Martin & T. K. Nakayama, 2010), (p. 75), but they also should know that “history has a significant impact on contemporary events.” (J. N. Martin & T. K. Nakayama, 2010), (p. 75). Privilege-Disadventage Dialectic, “people may be simultaneously privileged and disadvantaged, or privileged in some contexts and disadvantaged in others.” (J. N. Martin & T. K. Nakayama, 2010), (p.
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