Maslow's Theory Of International Education

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nternational Education has gained prominence the world over. Many students migrate to different parts of the world in pursuit of further education. This phenomenon comes with its own benefits and challenges. Many tertiary institutions are now promoting “internationalization”, diversity and multiculturalism, therefore encouraging qualified international students to apply for admission into these institutions. This notwithstanding, the international students come with their own beliefs and perceptions. They initially encounter problems in their attempt to settle in the host country. This research examined intercultural relations/communication problems and challenges that international students in Finland specifically in the University of Eastern…show more content…
In fact, it has been realized that international education gives the necessary exposure to secure a better future. Due to the above stated reasons people migrate from Africa to get education abroad. In their quest for international education, African students try to establish intercultural relations in their host countries and the problems they encounter is the focus of this study.
Maslow’s theory on hierarchy of needs establishes that human beings have both social and intellectual needs. Apart from the basic needs, people have the desire to improve themselves through education in order to satisfy their intellectual needs. According to Schofield (1999), “Education has often been seen as a fundamentally optimistic human endeavour characterized by aspirations for progress and betterment. Sargent (1994) is of the view that “[Education] is understood by many to be a means of overcoming handicaps, achieving greater equality, and acquiring wealth and social status. It is also perceived as one of the best means of achieving greater social
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In most cases, educational systems in developing countries are below standard with limited available programmes. This is confirmed by global anti-poverty organization, United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture UNESCO report. The report cited in an article entitled “Education Failure in Developing Countries – Report” and available on ProBono Australia website, states that “Twenty percent of young people in developing countries fail to complete primary school and lack skills for work. It goes further to add that, the UNESCO report found that there are still 250-million basic school children who are illiterates, and 71 million high school
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