This essay discusses how the family is viewed by two different sociological perspectives- functionalism and conflict theory. Firstly, ‘family’ is defined. Secondly, the main ideas of functionalism will be discussed followed by how this theory perceives the family. The main ideas of Conflict Theory will then be examined and how conflict theorists perceive the family. The family can be defined as ‘any combination of two or more persons who are bound together by ties of mutual consent, birth and/or adoption and who, together, accept responsibility for the care and maintenance of group members through procreation or adoption, the socialisation of children and social control of members’ (UN, cited in McDonald 2003:80).
Reconstruction and change are essential for the family system to facilitate the homeostatic process, as explained by the fourth principle of the theory (Minuchin, 1985). It includes family questioning current methods, evaluating and developing potential arrangements. While earlier principles analyse the wholeness of the family system, the fifth principle explains that families can be examined in various segments such as the
Symbolic interactionism theory, coined by Max Weber, is a theory that states that people impose symbolic meanings on objects, people, events, and behaviours (Thirumaran, 2014). Thus, society is constructed through humans’ subjective experience and interpretations. Therefore, we could use symbolic interactionist perspective to explore the changing views of family values in the family. In the past, the family regarded family values as an important pillar for the family, which was backed by the Shared Values concept mooted by the government in 1998 (National Library Board, n.d). As Singapore’s society evolved and transformed as a result of globalisation over the past decade, the family values that many people deemed to be important in society today was remained strong (“Reflecting Family Values”, n.d), however, people now have the option to embrace or reject those values.
From the above mentioned definition we can see that family is being a part of this system for a very long time in the social history. To illustrate this we can use sociology as a magnifying lens to overlook and study us. Likewise the similar concept can be applied to study that family also evolutes with time with the guidance of sociological perspectives. New knowledge about human behavior and social change can help to shape public policies that will improve human well-being. So the below mentioned facts are the dominating changes and impacts in a family in the 21st century.
Contents INTRODUCTION. 2 METHODOLOGY 3 DATA EVIDENCE AND ANALYSIS. 4 EVALUATION OF DATA 5 CONCLUSION 5 REFERENCES 6 INTRODUCTION. Traditional Definition of Family Social unit of people related through marriage, birth, or adoption who reside together in sanctioned relationships, engage in economic cooperation, socially approved sexual relations, and reproduction and child rearing. Contemporary Definition of Family Primary group of people—usually related by ancestry, marriage, or adoption—who form a cooperative economic unit and care for any young who consider their identity to be attached to the group; and are committed to maintaining the group.
The theory looks at many aspects of the family such as atmosphere, constellation, and goals, plus, respect is given to both children and adults. In this system interventions are suggested for children and adults. The limitations of the Family Systems Theory are, too much is focused on homeostasis at the expense of change and patterns at the expense of unpredictability. Moreover, on the system at the expense of the individuals. A positivistic intellectual tradition that puts the researcher outside the system in search of strengths and limitations of the theory of the family (Turner & West, 1998).
All in the Family, A Way of Life The family system relationships or family's dynamics in recovery goal are to regain control with interventions, to sustain stability and adhere to the change in the family subsystems. The perception of a family system is to maintain stability, constant change, and increase the complexity over time. “The process of substance abuse trickle down and affect not just the individual, but the entire family because of genetics, physiological, emotional or family functions factors” (Cook, 2007, pg.131). Another key factor is the ability to adapt and change when in recovery mode and sustain in way of empowering family strengths and resources, to lessen the impact of substance abuse. Secondly, the family recovery system
The genogram and the ecomap positively impacted my new perspective on the family. They provided an organized display of the family patterns and vulnerabilities. The genogram contributed to a more detailed representation of the family structure and the relationships within the family. The ecomap contrasted this by providing a resource to observe the external factors that cause stress or support for the family. The ecomap can be compared to the social determinants of health and the domino effect that one social determinant of health can have on the others (Kozier, et al.).
Family responsibilities are an important factor to investigate their impact on female youths in decision-making. Hence, also investigating on how the matter of decision-making may also be influenced by their or responsibilities or aspirations. This section looks at the notion of family and how it may be related to familial responsibilities for female youths in underprivileged families. The idea of family in the matter of the types of relationships between family members were expressed by Parkin and Stone (2004), as they stated on how family members is either related through affinal relationship (through marriage) or consanguinity (also called ‘kinship’/blood related). In Brunei, there is a social norm that highly prioritizes the idea of taking care of families, both through marriage and blood.
Social background in this case refers to how the child is raised in terms of family setup i.e. type of family, including religion. It also refers to the socioeconomic status of the parents, which includes social class. Educating or socializing activities used synonymously are those whose aim is to make people more alike and more distinct. Each person was born twice: biological and social.