Cognitive dissonance theory attempts to explain the human behavior through cognition, in which individuals always look for stability in their attitudes and behaviors (Festinger, 1985). In which, if this stability was disrupted then changes to their actions must occur in order for the dissonance created from their behaviors or attitudes to be restored. The uncomfortable feelings produced as a result of dissonance cause alteration in the person’s beliefs which aid in the relief of uncomfortable feelings created
The primary notions for understanding behavior are rooted in a person’s cognition, affect, and motivation. Theory also suggests that a person’s cognitive abilities (that guides behavior) can enable them to reflect on their thought, feelings, and motivation in response to the influences of the social environment (HBSE lecture). Because social environments do determine behavior, through examples of triadic reciprocal causations theory describe how the imitation of observed behaviors is influenced by the environment, person, and behavior. According to Bandura, each of these factors are causes of one another and must be understood as a system of influencing forces (Pervin, Cerrone & John,
Furthermore, the ontology of this particular social theory is concerned with reality. Reality is thought of as an individual construct dependent to different situations while applied to hermeneutical phenomenological research. Hereafter, it is based on the belief that realities are multiple. In addition, we tackled on two important people who are important in hermeneutical phenomenology. These people were Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger.
Carl Rogers created the person-centered theory, a theory, which focuses on the experience of a person, and their self-acceptance; which can lead them to reach self-actualization. When comparing Rogers’s person-centered approach to Maslow’s theory, it is obvious that Rogers’s theory is based on overcoming personal barriers through self-acceptance while Maslow’s theory must be followed level by level in order to reach self-actualization. There are many components that contribute to personality in regards to the person-centered theory, each numbered component contributes to what we feel, how we feel about others and what steps can be taken to make changes within our personality. Last, it is unfair to choose between Rogers’s theory and Maslow’s theory as they both make sense to me and can guide me or help me reach
Personality theory Introduction Personality is the way we behave in certain situations; our actions, and attitudes towards these situations. Personality is also the most important factor in individual uniqueness shaped by culture and past experiences. It is the consistency and the distinctiveness of our behavioural traits. In psychology, five factors can help verify ones personality type. They are openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, neuroticism, and agreeableness.
It has two major components: Emotional-awareness, one’s capability to identify one’s own emotions and their effects, and Self-confidence, sureness of one’s own value and proficiencies. Self-Regulation: It is the ability to monitor and control one’s own behavior, emotions, or thoughts, altering them according to the demands of the situation. Self-regulation includes self-control, trustworthiness, conscientiousness (taking responsibilities of your own actions), adaptability (ability of handling changes with flexibility) and innovation (being open to new ideas). Self-regulation helps EI to be explained more
Emotions have a central place in human behaviour. Unconscious, as well as conscious mental activity serves as the motivating force in human behaviour. Individuals may become stunned by internal or external demands. Individuals frequently use ego defence mechanisms to avoid becoming stunned by internal or external demands. In current social work practice psychodynamic theory is what the social worker uses when she/he looks at the early attachment relationships and the developmental history of the client.
This is what attribution theory is concerned about. Attribution is a process by which individual explain and predict the cause of other people’s actions and who or what was responsible for that behavior or outcome. This theory is concerned by in what way persons interpret or understand events and by what means this relates to their thinking and actions. Attributing behavior can be done in few processes. First, an individual must observe either his own behavior or of that of another individual.
I associate my supervisor’s behavior to attribution theory. The theory is concerned with how individuals explain and interpret events as they transpire. Furthermore, Attribution theory is concerned with personal character and biological traits. The nature of my supervisor falls under this explanation. Moreover, the theory also explains external dynamics which are not easily controlled, but the environment dictates them together with our experiences.
Self-awareness not only enables our self-reflection, but also motivates us to be a better person. Keywords: self-concept formation, introspection, the looking glass self, social comparison, self-perception, impression management, self-awareness, self-reflection, standard, self-deception, WHAT MAKES YOU WHO YOU ARE People are curious about themselves, especially psychologists. They offered many psychological concepts for us to understand the concept of self. In this essay, it discusses