Ultimately, raising children without being married can affect the child’s well-being. Infants would not know whether their parents are married or not, but they can sense their parents when they are in a bad mood. For example, infants will reveal their negative emotions such as crying and yelling (if yelling is seen in bickering of adults). Parent’s behaviors toward their child or children is important because their behaviors will reflect how a child will behave in their future. However, when children are old enough to go to school such as a child enters preschool for the first time, he or she might compare themselves to the other children in their class.
“Lower household income and educational attainment were associated with greater amounts of negativity in mothers’ interactions with their children” (Winer, Thompson, and Davis). Parents struggle with not being able to be there for their child through there hardest time. There is less nurture in the house which can lead to depression among the child. Children in poverty isolate themselves from students at school in have nobody to lean on but themselves. They are more likely to be bullied because of their grades.
Other signs are extreme what jar from the motions, suicidal thoughts or actions or behavioral changes and or antisocial behavior. Different age groups have different ways of showing signs of emotional abuse for babies to kids from ages three they show signs of not being close to their parents or being overly affectionate to people they may not know. Older children may possibly be struggling with their emotions and preferred to be isolated rather than be around people which can lead to depression suicidal thoughts and sometimes smoking, drinking or drugs at an early age . Sounds of this abuse might be extremely with drawl from motion, suicidal thoughts or actions or behavior changes and/or antisocial behavior. Children from when they are babies to the age of two or three with this abuse could show signs by not being close to their parents or being overly
Reflecting on the problematic issues of finance and parenting, children in poverty are not having any opportunities to develop their learning, however, these issues influence concerns of children’s welfare (Cronin, Argent and Collett, 2017). These concerns will regard to children not meeting their milestone and professionals having concerns with their learning as they may not be progressing well. Children need the motivation of achieving their needs, in poverty, children have the lack of motivation, which results back to the lack of opportunities they have and the resources they need (Wilber, 2015). Moreover, as poverty is linked to poor educational outcomes (see appendix 1), children who do not receive the resource they need, it causes children to have difficulties in their cognitive development as they are unable to interpret what they have learnt (Bradshaw, 2016). Professionals who come across a family who have income issues that will affect children’s education, they should set up an educational base class for a two hour for parents and children to attend (free of
Becoming a young adult already has its share of personal issues, but having absent parents can result in loss of knowledge or wisdom. Teens are more likely to become pregnant if one or both parents are absent in the child’s life. “The impact of father absence on early sexual activity and teenage pregnancy was investigated in longitudinal studies in the United States (N = 242) and New Zealand (N = 520), in which community samples of girls were followed prospectively from early in life (5 years) to approximately age 18. Greater
Sometimes babies are not able to get a certain vaccination because they are not old enough for it yet.(“Get the Shots, Protect All”) Babies also have weaker immune systems than adults do. If one doesn’t get their vaccination they could potentially get that baby sick. Due to the fact that babies have a weaker immune system, their bodies may not be able to fight off the disease like adult’s bodies can. Babies aren’t the only ones at risk getting seriously sick from someone not getting a vaccination, but people with certain allergies are also at risk.
Even at school, his concentration is much divided and distracted. He is not sure whether his parents regard him highly as one of their sons and this makes it hard for him to school. He feels a sense of anger and guilt at the same time for his brother. His school work and rate is affected by his brother. He tries to focus at the same time thinking about him and how he could be helped.
The other represented example of social injustice in the book is the treatment of people who had little income and no education. People lost lots of things during the depression which ruined their lives and quality of life. People are then born into poverty. When people grow up without money, they must leave school early to go to work to help pay for things. When they do this, they lose so much education that they could have received.
Institutionalisation can also severely affect a child’s development, but this can sometimes be recovered when the child is adopted. The child’s physical features like height, weight and head circumference can suffer during this time. Also, cognitively a child’s IQ can be off a normal range if adopted around their 3rd birthday but when it comes to school performance the cognitive performance can lag cognitive competence. Also, when it comes to emotional development, a study of Romanian adoptees demonstrated that attachment was affected if the child wasn’t adopted before they were 12 months old compared to secure attachments likely to be achieved before then, but babies adopted under 6 months showed normal attachment patterns during early childhood.
6.2 Unemployment According to Swanepoel (2016:7) unemployment is regarded as a source and effect of poverty in which people suffers from. It is a source because no job, no income. In addition, poor people cannot afford decent houses, nutritious food, medical aid and sending children to decent schools. Unemployment is the effect of poverty because weakness is caused by eating unhealthy food, poor housing and lack of access to education stop people from getting jobs.
Pregnancy - when the mother had sickness or neglect during pregnancy (taking alcohol and etc) it can impact on the later child development. It is important that during pregnancy that necessary pregnancy support and care is provided. There is some medical condition like preeclamsia can cause premature birth and may lead to blindness and deafness and later in life will affect the child 's ability to learn or learn quickly. 2. Accidents and illness - some illnesses has effect on child 's ability to learn, by taking some medications that has side effects can affects child 's learning process later in life.
The aversion to being touched may continue until the child is three to four years-old, but may persist beyond these ages. Children two years and older may have problems with their speech and are at an increased risk of ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) or ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder). At age three to four, babies prenatally exposed to meth may display exhibited unprovoked fits of
According to the book something like parental mental illness or mistreatment can actually increase the chance of this type. Although while such acts may increase the chance of such happening part of it also just comes from genetics so shy kids may be more apt to be so. The fourth and final type would be type D which is disorganized attachment. This final type is a bit of a mystery since the child responds randomly to the presence or leaving of the caregiver , the books exact definition of it is “A type of attachment that is marked by an infant 's inconsistent reactions to the caregiver 's departure and return” ( Berger, 2004 ).
PKU can affect an individuals physical development as if PKU is left untreated they can develop eczema which is a condition that causes the skin to become itchy, red, dry and cracked. PKU also affects physical development as people with the condition may fail to meet the developmental milestones and would experience developmental delay. If a mother has PKU and it is left untreated her unborn baby can have slow growth which will affect the baby’s physical development. People with the condition also have fairer skin, hair and eyes as phenylalanine is involved in the body’s production of melanin which is the pigment responsible for skin and hair colour. PKU can also affect an individual’s intellectual development as they may develop learning difficulties and have difficulties problem solving and have behavioural difficulties.
Over the years, there has been the question of should the drinking age be lowered back down to 18 because of adulthood and being able to join the military. On the other hand, binge drinking in the United States has led to many serious health, education concerns and fatalities. “In 2015, the Monitoring the Future Survey reported that 10% of 8th graders and 35% of 12th graders drank alcohol during the past 30 days, and 5% of 8th graders and 17% of 12th graders binge drank during the past 2 weeks (cdc.gov)”. This means that even at the legal drinking age there are middle school and high school students drinking. Results show that underage people cannot handle alcohol.