The most useful method of detection of a Meckel diverticulum is Technetium-99m scanning. It is a method depends on ulceration and bleeding because to the heterotropic gastric mucosa (8) . The symptoms and signs of intestinal obstruction occur late. Obstruction can occur only if the base of the diverticulum is broad enough to cause narrowing of the intestinal lumen. A mass at the hernial site which is tender associated with nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain are the main symptoms.
Spina Bifida Occulta is a condition in which the bones of the spine do not close but the pineal cord and meninges remain in place and skin usually cover the defect ( Medline Plus). Meningocele is more severe “protrude from the spinal opening and form a fluid filled sac visible on a baby’s back” (Benioff Children;s Hospital, 2012). Some babies have
In lateral canal stenosis as there is involvement of the nerve it results in severe radiculopathy, with muscle weakness, pain and immobility. This results from a series of changes in the components of the central and lateral canal such as ligamentum flavum inflammation, bony spurs, epidural fat deposition and facetal hypertrophy.(1) Management of spinal stenosis includes conservative or surgical treatment. Conservative approach comprises of rest, analgesics, anti inflammatory medications, physical exercises, and weight loss. Surgery is done in patients who have severe pain, disability, neuropathy or malignancy.
Diagnosis: Diagnosis of acute Charcot joint or neuropathy is quite difficult, clinical suspicion is highly important. Infection is the primary differential diagnosis, most prominently either cellulitis or osteomyelitis. Imaging and examination are used to find out if there is infection; if not, then the diagnosis would most likely be Charcot joint. Clinical image such as a warm, edematous, erythematous joint with intact pulses in the absence of infection is Charcot foot until proven otherwise. If edema and erythema disappear with 5-10 minutes of leg rising in the supine patient, it is suggestive of Neuropathy.
TAVI is an invasive procedure to aortic valve. In this invasive surgery a new valve that is a stainless steel tube with biological materials of cows, is inserted through a balloon catheter to the heart. This procedure can be done with local or general anaesthetic. This new valve insertion can be done with two common ways. Firstly is the transfemoral, which means through the femoral artery or second common way is the transapical way that is through a small cut to the left side to the chest.
Steven Moore 3/12/2016 Atrial/Ventricular Septal Defect Repair Surgical Procedure Task An atrioventricular septal defect is a condition that results in a defect located in the middle of the heart. The condition takes place when a hole forms between the heart 's atrium and ventricular chambers.
During a normal bowel movement, stool passes from the large intestine to the rectum, and then to the anus. Nerves and muscles help control when the bowel movement occurs and help the child to sense the need for a bowel movement. Anorectal malformations cause abnormalities in the normal bowel movement process. A child may have a difficult, painful time passing a stool within day or two after birth and is characterized by a swollen belly. Also in some cases there is stool passing in another opening, for example, urethra in boys and vagina in girls.
But what causes this disease? The production of the thick and sticky mucus occurs because of a mutations in a gene on chromosome 7. Cystic Fibrosis happens because of mutations in the gene that makes a protein called CFTR or “Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Regulator”. Cystic Fibrosis patients either produce uncommon CFTR protein or no CFTR protein at all. This mutation causes your body to make a thick and sticky mucus, instead of the thin and watery mucus that your body needs to function efficiently and healthy.
Many individuals say that pain is what the patient says, and it occurs wherever the patient says it does. Pain assessment can be complicated, subjective, an unpleasant experience and it sometimes cannot be explained. It means different things or levels to different people. Some believe there is no correct or incorrect responses to pain. As a surgery nurse, we evaluate our patients for pain behaviors, such as facial grimacing, agitation, rubbing painful areas, increased heart rates, raised blood pressures, shaking and anxiety.
Bernard-Soulier syndrome is an inherited platelet disorder caused by a defect in a gene responsible for a receptor that aids platelets in adhering to the lining of injured blood vessels. This disorder is characterized by thrombocytopenia and large nonfunctional platelets (Pham,2007). Patients often present initially with bleeding symptoms such as purpua, epistaxis, ecchymosis, bleeding of the gums, and menorrhagia (Lanza,2006). Diagnosis is further confirmed by platelet aggregation studies and flow cytometry. Treatment is mainly supportive, such as, the use of DDAVP to shorten bleeding times, with more serious hemorrhages being treated with platelet transfusions.
However, some doctors consider infections of the urethra and prostate to be lower (Iman, 2016). Upper UTIs usually consist of diseases of the ureters, renal pelvis, and interstitium. The differences are that upper infections can lead to kidney failure, and lower UTIs result in necrosis. E. Coli and Staphylococcus cause the lower infections, whereas the upper infections are usually due to Proteus, E. Coli, and Pseudomonas. Lower UTIs have symptoms frequency, urgency, dysuria, back pain, hematuria, cloudy urine, and flank pain, whereas upper infections have signs of frequency, urgency, dysuria, costovertebral tenderness, and hypertension (Huether, 2012,
Name: Horner 's syndrome Overview: The syndrome of Horner is a neuro-ophthalmological that develops after an interruption of nerve fibers nice ranging from the hypothalamus to eye. Possible damage to the central level that causes this syndrome is the lesion, compression or ischemia of the brain stem. Other conditions that determine the Horner syndrome is syringomyelia and some cancers marrow or brain (eg. neuroblastoma). Interruptions devices, however, can result from head and neck trauma, cervical lymphadenopathy, lung tumors Pancoast, aortic dissection or carotid artery and thoracic aortic aneurysm.
Depending on the severity of the condition there are two types of surgeries. One is called the “Pull –through Procedure.” The surgeon removes the segment that lacks nerve cells and connects the healthy intestine to the anus. In some cases the surgeon may do an Ostomy. Depending on how serve infected the large intestine is surgeons may do an Ileostomy.
Paints often develop difficulty breathing, cough, and wheezing. The pancreas is also frequently damaged in cystic fibrosis, which leads to recurrent pancreatitis, abdominal pain, diabetes, and malabsorption of nutrients. Patients that do not receive treatment typically progress and develop end-stage lung and pancreatic disease that may require organ transplantation. Due to the importance of this condition,