Internal Migration And Migration

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Migration is the movement of people from one geographical location to another, involving permanent or temporary settlement. Since Homo erectus left Africa over a million years ago, the constant transfer of people between different countries has been continued. Because migration has a key human response to environmental, social, political, and economic changes (Hall, et al, 2010). Population dynamics happens over time and space on the population. The very reasons for the happening of change of population size, composition and distribution are migration, fertility, and mortality. Especially, migration has a direct effect on the geographic distribution of population. Migration (whether internal or international is one of the main factors that determine the population size of a country or a specific town. The movement of people from rural to urban areas is one of the possible forms of internal migration. In the developing countries, most internal migration are associated with and directed to major growth centers, such as mining centers, newly emerging industrial areas, and large towns. The rapid geographic shift of persons from rural to urban places of residence within the same countries has been a result of the combination of both "push" and "pull" factors in the rural and urban areas. For instance, in Ethiopia, the urban areas are more developed with somewhat greater potential of jobs and professional advancement and pleasant living-conditions in relative terms than in most of

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