Although the government had done some work in building public housing, it shows that Hong Kongers take an active role in the process. The government had a slow progress in building public housing, with the 1.2 million people living in poverty; the government is not responsive in solving the problem. "It 's not that the H.K. government can 't help people like me who are part of the low-income society and need help, it 's that they don 't want to help people like us and solve problems like this" (CNN, 2011), said a Hong Kong social worker. The fact is that there are vacant flats and abandoned buildings, but the government neglects them and has little incentive in investing in solving the housing problem of the urban
What the underdeveloped counties get is the destroyed environment while developed countries get most of the capital and cheap labor. For example, there are many Nike factories in Indonesia and Vietnam using the cheap labor and low price ingredient, but the local countries and workers only get little profits. So the factories have to extend working hours and even employ child laborers working in dangerous places for higher profits. In China, the 18 attempted suicides by Foxconn employees resulted in 14 deaths. In excess of the 36 hours a month allowed by Chinese law was routinely demanded from Foxconn employees (Fiona, James and Mimi).
5. Direct and indirect impacts on the urban poor: The passing of the act and its subsequent implementation did not just not help in achieving the envisioned goal of the government, instead it created an artificial shortage in the land market (discussed below). With the government in hold of the acquired vacant lands and the private developers and owners not ready to declare the excess, a distortion was caused in the land market and mostly affecting the labors and people associated with the market. These had major socio-economic impact it on the beneficiary group that has been listed as: • The group that suffered the greatest blow from the act were the farmers, people from economically weaker section, villagers etc. living and possessing
Real Estate Literature Assignment 1A Summary article “Rapid urbanization in China: A real challenge to soil protection and food security” (Chen, 2007) Abstract: By researching the last two decades of accelerated economic growth and urbanization boom in China, the author points out that accelerated urban development has led to a decrease in the quality of the soil and also the shortage of agricultural land. China is now faced with one of its greatest challenges: sustaining the economic growth and urban development while finding ways to protect the bio environment and assuring enough agricultural land in order to feed its people. The analysis is based on official statistics obtained from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and data derived from satellite imagery. The findings stress that China’s cultivated land is shrinking at a worrying rate. Furthermore, rapid urbanization is associated with soil pollution by waste disposal and acid deposition derived from the urban air pollution.
Internal migration in the People's Republic of China is one of the most extensive in the world according to the International Labour Organization. In fact, research done by Kam Wing Chan of the University of Washington suggests that “In the 30 years since 1979, China’s urban population has grown by about 440 million to 622 million in 2009. Of the 440 million increase, about 340 million was attributable to net migration and urban reclassification. Even if only half of that increase was migration, the volume of rural-urban migration in such a short period is likely the largest in human history.”Migrants in China are commonly members of a floating population, which refers primarily to migrants in China without local household registration status through the Chinese Hukou system.n general, rural-urban migrant workers are most excluded from local educational resources, city-wide social welfare programs and many jobs because of their lack of hukou status. In
However, internationally, especially in third world countries are poor, which is far from the truth. Large companies from the United States have moved most of their factories overseas to avoid strict working regulations in the United States. Third world countries such as China, Taiwan, Vietnam and Indonesia provide access to cheap labor is abundan t. These companies can now reap the benefits of the US consumer market, while keeping their costs are very low in offshore production. It is that seen as a big opportunity for Nike.inc .But before we look at the problems at overseas sites, we must first understand why Nike moved the majority of its production is so far from its headquarters in Beaverton, Oregon .Untapped markets around the world presented some
The effect of the merchant economy during the 17th century on the peasants was rough. In this century, peasants were not treated fairly: “taxes rose substantially, while the profits they made on their land did not. Landowners, who had less and less personal connection with the peasants on their land, tried to squeeze as much as possible out of them”(Lecture Notes, Nadelhaft). The common people lived in poverty and were squeezed of all the money they had, by either the government or the landowners. They held the worst, low paying jobs if they had jobs at all.
presently, there are 200,000 of these communities in the world, according to the UN Special Rapporteur on Adequate Housing, most of these communities are in and around cities, and their number is increasing exponentially. Even before the economic crisis which is observed in 2008, about 33% of all city population live in slums, slums which will expand its size by one billion more people within the next twenty years. (International Business Times 10/2014) Although 90 percent of the world's informal settlements are in developing countries like India and Brazil, they spread in whole world and also in European countries and largest American cities. In India ,during British colonialism cities were segmented into blocks, wards and colonies, whereby people belonging to similar socio economic conditions, when come to these cities they live together in the segment to which their socio economic condition
From the article Poverty Reduction Policies in Malaysia: Trends, Strategies and Challenges have state that since, more than half of the family units in the rural area being categorized as poor, rural and urban poor poverty have constantly been identified as a problem confined to rural (Zulkarnain A. Hatta & Isahaque Ali, 2013). This is because, the cost of poverty overwhelmed among urban communities as a vast proportion of new poor family units are settled in urban settings so the idea from the writer said that how this problem should be solved and he said that, innovative policies and strategies should be implemented with strong commitment in programs planning and inner city development expenditure allocation are required (Zulkarnain A. Hatta1 & Isahaque Ali ,
A perfect illustration is the agricultural issues in Somalia, in the Sub-Saharan Africa. The IMF imposed a Structural Adjustment Programme within Somalia where food assistance was delivered resulting in Somalia's dependency on imported grain. This resulted in cheap grains in the local market, local producers were expelled from the industry as a result of the reduction in the consumption of local produce. majority of local crop fields were deteriorated and left the farmers with no source of income. The inflow of mass food aid rather brought on the impoverishment of the farming communities.