Primarily contributing to the nurture agent, parents give significant influence on the character development and behavior of their children (Baumrind, 1991). Misgivings on the side of parents might lead to short and long-term damaging effects on the development of their
The youth are the future of our society. Would it still be possible if nowadays they are being associated to different crimes, delinquencies and misbehaviors? Adolescents tend to be engaged in risk-taking behaviors that could help them to shape their identities, try out new decision-making skills, develop realistic assessment of themselves, and gain acceptance and respect (Ponton, 1997; Jessor, 1991). Unfortunately, some of the risks that adolescents pursue may pose a real threat to their health and well-being. Since it is said that the family is the basic unit of the society and the first source of values, hence, the family plays the major and vital role in molding a child to become a fully functioning individual.
REVIEW OF LITERATURE Family is considered a fundamental unit of a society and is thus one of the significant agents of moral socialization. Moral socialization research suggests that children’s development of understanding of moral world happens in part through interactions and shared activities with their family members (Thompson & Winer, 2014; Nucci, 2014). Morality is often stated to have three fundamental components namely, the affective, which involves moral emotions like shame and guilt. The cognitive, which involves how children judge right and wrong and which is also known as moral reasoning. Finally, the behavioural component involves actions such as resisting temptations or inhibiting moral transgressions.
• Kohlberg’s theory is really one of cognitive development as applied to moral understanding because he believed that children developed their moral principles primarily though thinking about them. • Both these theories are stage theories • Both theories says social interaction helps children to develop their ability of understanding and identifying others feeling • • Piaget proposed a stage theory of cognitive development. Kohlberg posited a model of moral development or moral reasoning based on many of Piaget's
The information that surrounds the child and which is internalized comes to the child within the family arena through parent- child interactions, role modelling, reinforcement for desired behaviours, and parental approval or disapproval (Santrock, 1994). As children move into the larger world of friends and school, many of their ideas and beliefs are reinforced by those around them. A further reinforcement of acceptable and appropriate behaviour is shown to children through the media, in particular, television. Through all these socialization agents, children learn gender stereotyped behaviour. As children develop, these stereotypes become firmly entrenched beliefs and thus, are a part of the child's self-concept.
Stage 2 of his moral development is called instrumental hedonism. In here, some consideration is given to the conflicting interests of other parties and an effort is made to strike a balance. Children in this stage try to solve problems by trying to attain equilibrium and one way of getting it is by appeasing their peers. Their peers in return, turn as their support system in times of stress. Overall, the theoretical framework captures the different human developmental stages where late childhood and early adolescent lies according to various theorists.
To become morally accountable, an individual must be capable and willing to feel with moral reasoning. Moral responsibility comes out of the basis of early moral training given by an individual’s parents and culture. This early training helps to complete the above three levels of moral development by an
4. Moral Development theory of Lawrence Kohlberg Lawrence Kohlberg was a famous psychologist and developed an important theory of moral developments. In this theory, the child is responsive to cultural rules and labels of good and bad, right or wrong. By studying the answers from children of different ages Kohlberg hoped to discover the ways in which moral reasoning changed as people grew older. Kohlberg’s stages of moral development have three main levels and six stages.
The process involves self-attributions which refers to the tendency to make inferences about ourselves from direct from direct observation of our behaviour and its consequences. Although all three processes are important, one could be more important than the others to develop and maintain self-esteem at a given time. One of the most important social contexts for the development and expression of self-esteem is the family. For children, family is the most important context because its major function is the socialization and care of the children. Family is the first primary group that children experience, it is the place where our most important identities take shape.
After watching the Ted Talk by Damon Horowit in class, I connected my ethical dilemma to the moral operating system. Horowit explains the system as the moral framework that will help guide us to making correct decisions. This moral operating system will tell us what type of things are wrong and right in the first place, leaving us to know how to act in any given situation. Growing up, out parents guided us teaching us that praise was for good things and scolding was a result of bad things. Each day growing up, we use different techniques like