The concept of homosexuality was looked down upon because it was interpreted as sexual pleasure, rather than procreation. Heterosexuality was viewed in the same light, but not as much since most married couples consist of a male and female figure. People were used to understanding the idea of sex in the terms of sexual reproduction, so when people found out that sex can be used for sexual pleasure, they may have been uncomfortable with that fact of a society that moving from traditional family structures to a more modernized society. In the Victorian Gothic Era, homosexuality as well as
Pascoe’s main argument about the “fag discourse” is that the practice of predominately straight males to call other people, objects, or events fag or gay isn’t simply a matter of homophobia or a negative outlook on gay men and that instead it is part of a larger societal issue that promotes and encourages any male to be undeniably masculine. She expands on this by exploring and discussing some of the many ways that this mindset harms all those within its reach at any and every level. As the term would imply, the use of fag or gay as a negative term hurts those that are in fact gay males. Despite the fact that the term has slightly deviated from its specific use to put gay individuals down and has become a generalized insult, it still has and for the indefinite future will maintain that connection to gay men. Whether it is used in a specifically homophobic way or as a general negative term, the fact that it is being used as an insult shows the underlying negativity to men that are attracted to other men.
A theoretical veil hides the stuggle African Americans go threw. Double consciousness is when a person idenify with two groups but can’t idenify with either one.His theory relates today on how person sexually identify. Its also intersects with Marx’s theory of Alienation. De Bois's theory can relate to how a person sexually identifies. Paul Rust gives us an example of this from the concept of “Lesbian or bisexual chic” that explains the misconception between sex behavior and sex identity.
David Halperin is a Social Theorist who is one of the more known researchers when it comes to the study of proving that homosexuality is in fact acquired after birth. “Halperin believed in Planophysical theory. This theory believes that homosexuality is a freak of nature, an error” (Heffner). Halperin strongly believes that homosexuality stems from one child’s hatred of the same sex parent not being resolved, thus, ending in a favor attraction of the same sex. According to Christopher Heffner, Halperin’s theory involving failure to resolve an individual’s Oedipal issues is actually looked down upon by the psychological community as for most believe homosexuality is derived from one’s genes.
“A stereotype is an oversimplified or generalized idea about a certain group of people, often held by members of a different group.” Stereotypes typically come from those who are ignorant to topics such as gender, sexuality, race, religion, etcetera. The people imposing the cliche use stereotypes as a defense mechanism, to feel superior, safer, more comfortable. A couple examples of this are gender bias or roles and police brutality. Gender bias is a very common stereotype. From the moment we are born, we are given the assigned colors, blue for boys, pink for girls.
Prejudice and the Scapegoat Theory Prejudice is preconceived opinion to an individual or a certain group which is can be both negative and positive, but mostly negative, that is not based on relevant facts. For example, when some group of people view negatively towards homosexuality and believe it’s a sin. This negative ‘belief’ that is called prejudice is not limited to a certain race or a country but everyone can have a prejudice on something or someone. Psychologists came out with several theories to explain the cause of prejudice but this paper will focus on the scapegoat theory that is commonly discussed as one of the causes of prejudice because scapegoating is a common practice that we are often unaware of but happens frequently in our society. It will talk about the development of the theory, definition and examples of the scapegoat theory.
However his homosexuality also played a key role in his state of exile, much like the African Americans the homosexual of this time was an outsider and thrown into a state of less than personhood (Gaines 177). This time period and this exile, is abhorrent but also a great catalyst for art and creation. Inspiration is born from frustration, at a society, at a culture, at the rejection of ones identity in the face of a
The terms Gay, Lesbian, and Homosexuality refer to sexual and romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. A homosexual may or may not identify themselves as gay or lesbian. Homosexuality, as an identifier, is usually contrasted with heterosexuality and bisexuality. The term gay is used predominantly to refer to self-identified homosexuals of either sex. Lesbian is a gender-specific term that is only used for self-identified homosexual females.
Sex creates an extremely exclusive bond between two individuals; it’s an unspoken contract of trust and love. Not only are sexual experiences private, but they also fulfill humanity’s instinctual desire and promote individuality. However, when this intimacy is either erased or condemned by society, individuals lose touch with that vital part of their humanity and individuality. In 1984 by George Orwell, sexuality plays an important role in both Oceania’s totalitarian government and Winston’s rebellion against his oppressors; as he explores his sexuality, Winston revolts against the Party’s manipulative political control, the destruction of individuality, the absence of human connection, and the practice of sexual puritanism. Within Oceania, the Party strives for sexual puritanism in order to eradicate true humanity and demonize sex.
It presents a sympathetic narration of the trans individual and offers the challenge to do away with societal boundaries and confront the issues related to sexuality and gender. It shows how the dominant ideologies related with masculinity makes sure that the power is reinforced in the hands of the heterosexual men over women, homosexuals and transsexuals. Brandon was deemed as an outsider by the society and as a result, he became the target of social punishment. Brutal hate crimes are committed against the LGBTQs, Brandon’s was the first hate crime against the trans genders that caught large media attention, it was not the last though, like the murders of other transgendered persons, Baretta Williams and Rita Hester by male attackers. A male to female transgendered person, Rita, was stabbed almost 20 times by male attackers in her apartment while Baretta Williams was tied, battered and shot 16 times, less than a year after Rita Hester was
A binary in the subject of sexual orientation is words that are used to represent different sexual oriented individuals that have been pointed out as adjectives to society by being called homosexual, bisexual, gay, and queer. For sexual orientation binary words are used in a widely portion to describe how “abnormal” people are in order to compare them to what we would call “normal”. Words used to describe a group of people’s orientation are by placing them in the “homosexual” group, which is the group for people who are fond of the same sex. Also the word used to place people who are considered “normal” is “heterosexual” group, when a person has attractions to the opposite sex. Heterosexual and Homosexual binary words are based on the binary of sex.
William, It is sad to see such a thing happen to a young little girl. I think people believe sexting does not hurt someone because he or she is not causing physical harm to the other person. However, sexting cause severe psychological harm to the victim, especially if it happen to young adults. I considered sexting as a mental illness since the abusers is not in their right mind distributing sensitive images and being a naïve, immature bully. On the other hand the victim will suffer from mental anguish of embarrassment, depression, shame, and possibly guilt letting the other person take the pictures.
Before Stonewall and the article of Chauncey are related because both share the same topic that is the homosexuality. Both explain the unleashing of the struggle for the rights of the homosexual minority of that time. This minority struggled to change the international perceptibility, to change the system and to get society to accept them because they were oppressed hiding their sexual preference. For example, they had different codes to hide their sexual preferences when they were in front of other people and they questioned from the inside because they were
Kinsey’s continuum measures sexual orientation based off of experiences, affection, and desires ranging from being exclusively heterosexual to exclusively homosexual. Kinsey’s study allowed for the fluidity of sexual orientation to be measured and exist. I think hate crimes and homophobia stems from negative beliefs towards people regarding other’s preference. Hate crimes are the act of aggression and homophobia is bias against homosexuality. I think institutions along with other social structures impact people’s beliefs and influence these inequalities systemically.