The journal entitled “Cultural Relativist and Feminist Critiques of the International Human Rights –Friends or Foes”, written by Oonagh Reitman is a good fully equipped critical journal since the author put the focus on the discussion about the similarity between two branches of international human rights, the cultural relativist and the feminist in term of their critiques towards the international human rights and also present the fact of the clash between these two critiques when talking about women’s human rights. This critical review paper will provide a summary of the journal
This journal is talking about the Cultural Relativist and Feminist critiques, where the critiques are similar on International Human Rights. The writer suggested short description of the criticism. According to the writer the critique made by the cultural relativist about international human right is that they reject the understanding that human right is universal by just being a human being or by virtue of being human and whose substance form and interpretation are not subject to variations in culture (Donnelly 1989: 109-110) . Where the Feminist critique says, in reality the one who has more power to human right is man and they said that the gender equality and discrimination against woman is not a priority in International world. This
By Oonagh Reitman. In the article gives an account of differences of opinion and the actions applied by both the perspective of the human rights of women. The article explained about the difference of opinion between cultural relativism towards feminism, this happens by inequality opinion submitted by both parties. Many differences make these two almost opposite perspective. Cultural relativism is a perspective who believes that culture is the source of all human rights.
Realists and liberals assume that men and nations are exclusive of each other and independently of, but in fact the political powers have been separated to form a partially understanding that the political world rely on political actors rational men and the release of women (True, 2001). While on the other hand, according to analysts' feminist, 'good state' and the international community must recognize the rights of women in a variety of contexts, including in the context of diplomatic relations between the countries to a free market in the context of international
The article, “Cultural Relativist and Feminist Critiques of International Human Rights – Friends or Foes?” by Oonagh Reitman seeks to address how cultural relativist and feminist sees the existence of the international human rights, specifically women’s human rights. The research problem being addressed is the similarities between these two critiques of international human rights and how these two critiques have come to defy one another when it comes to the term of women’s international human rights. The author has made it clear that this is a debatable issue. The cultural relativist argued on the universality of human rights, which contradicts with the statement that human rights are those held simply by virtue of being human and whose substance, form and interpretation are not subject to variations in culture (Donnelly 1989: 109-110). Cultural relativist uphold that culture is the principle source of any rights or rules, they argued that the existence of women’s human rights cannot be universally applied.
Otherwise, universal human rights cannot gain cultural legitimacy. Along with this tune, there is dangerous that human rights violations may be justified by cultural values. The other is that Cultural differences can enrich the universality of human rights. The commitment of the universal nature of human rights has been recognized. However, for the need of localizing the international human rights norms, there still need some sources that can justify the universal human rights from the bottom-up perspective.
I believe that the critical lens that provides modern society with the most compelling view of literature is Feminist Criticism because it analyzes distrust and disloyalty among relationships, women being treated as possessions and shows the representation of powerful women. Modern society would analyze literature using a feminist perspective because most literature analyzes the relationship between genders and the powerful influence and meaning it has to the readers life. Othello is a great play to analyze with many different types of literature criticisms, but Feminist Criticism analyzes the plot and the main characters situation most. It is still so common to see many of the points presented in the book till this day, men believing that they are stronger than women and treating them as inferior. Even so women are trying to make their voice be heard and demonstrating everyday the vital impact they have in society.
Feminism as an ideology should be understood and appreciated as a pioneering movement that has pushed the boundaries of what should and should not be discussed in the political arena. All Feminist traditions are united in their fight towards the equality of the sexes but differ on what they believe needs to change within society. Some areas focus more on legal matters, namely: Liberal feminists, whereas other areas of feminism place a larger focus on social inequalities. This essay will discuss whether feminism is defined by 'the personal is the political ' or not. Liberal Feminism developed as a subculture of Liberalism that was particularly prominent in the late 1800s and early 1900s when women were campaigning for the right to vote.
They are not granted by a body or an institution, however institutions should enforce them (Cassin quote). Human rights concern all aspects of existence of the human being, physical and intellectual, as individuals and as part of a community of humans. Some of these rights were justified in different pretexts; such as the right of property, right of free expression, and the right of access to information , bearing in mind the different outlook to these rights in different legal