The issue of identity is the most discussed issue in today’s world because of globalization process. In the world of literature, identity has a great importance, it is literature which has made it a very important theme for its reader. It helps its readers in constructing identities because works of literature encourage its reader to see things/issues from their own perspectives (Jonathan Culler 2005: 112). Identity is basically what we call ourselves. Vygotsky (1978) illustrates self as a very complicated phenomenon and it is created by individuals, as the outcome of their interactions with others and with culturally changed world Identity always need continual transformation and maintenance (Hegel).
In my opinion, shared knowledge is a main contributor to our personal knowledge, and our perception towards the past will always be influenced by different judgments. The two areas of knowledge explored are history, defined as the study of the past and ethics, the study of how to live our lives morally . Even though a lot of our personal knowledge is shaped by our own experiences, many factors including language can influence our way of thinking. The revisionist American historian Harry Elmer Barnes has become a key historian for
Matei (2006), states that cultural heterogeneity is the exchange between different cultures, where regional and local ethnic identities are embraced even when global connections across regional and national borders become stronger. In order to cope with cultural heterogeneity in global communication, some skills need to be accomplished among citizens worldwide. The first skill that is required
Language Policy Language Policy contributes to the development of the field via publishing high-quality studies that help build a suitable notional understanding of the area under discussion area. It presents papers that compact with the widest range of situations, regions and cases. Many countries have a language policy planned to favor or discourage the use of a certain language or group of languages. Although nations historically have used language policies most often to encourage one official language at the cost of others, many countries now have policies designed to encourage and protect ethnic and regional languages whose survival is threatened. Indeed, whilst the existence of linguistic minorities within their jurisdiction has often
1.1 Introduction The study of “cross cultural communication” is a great example of linguistic theory and how it’s applied. Researchers are often drawn towards this area of study for its vast significance; “depending on the culture, the people, and the personal relationships throughout the world.” This is further studied to interpret sentences beyond its linguistically stated sentences. This is in turn done by observing the interactions one has, the habits it instills, and “expectations of how to show what is meant by what is said. The form of communication used over the years is “language”. It is the vital way of communication performed among humans, has an important role in “defining and expressing the world that is around us.” It is how we send out a message to other people.
Introduction Culture and identity are often considered similar, but they are two concrete terms to be defined together. They acquire a very complex relationship and are always remain linked with each other because they influence each other. That is both are interdependent on each other and can In this new millennium, where due to globalization and international relations the identity of the people and the world is changing day by day. Therefore, this paper aims at exploring the relationship between culture and identity and how it affects the international relations. Culture Culture is often believed to be a set of co-dependent norms and ethnic values that are put together are used for defining a concrete set of people that is in the broader sense a country.
The term World Literature is used to define a sum or body of work in various forms one can possibly imagine from many nations and widely recognized throughout the world. Conventionally, literature means a form of works produced through different periods, different cultures, any languages existed written by people for so many reasons. It richly consists spiritual and moral values, cultures, religions, lifestyles, traditions, morals, knowledges, history, issues and events real or fiction, facts such as biographical, ideology, teachings, one’s opinions, holds and beliefs. The emergence of writing has greatly contributed to the world’s civilization, development, erudition also other aspects such as politics, wars, values and virtues, histories and so forth. Literature can go as far from the national level and up to international level.
Name: Farah Ahmed Nader ID: 1351510483 AA100B TMA Literature's basic or formal properties have a history, and sometimes the properties are invented for a specific use or because there's been a change in their culture or perspectives and beliefs to which they're responding to, Cultural encounters are basically a theme for the new life or way of thinking. Cultural Encounters in World Literature, considers the reception’s international circulation and translation of literary texts as part of the wider or a bigger perspective of the dynamics of transnational history. In a world today swamped by globalization, internationalization, interculturalisation and other related concepts, social and cultural approaches, ‘English’ has become a necessity
The postcolonial writer has to expand the consciousness of his people and retrieve the past glory of his country. The wide ranging debates and research in postcolonial studies allow an extensive investigation into powerful relations in various contexts. It can also be said that issues on marginalized people and economic and cultural contexts are some broad topics in the field, along with the usual themes of identity crisis and alienation. India has contributed significantly to the overall world literature through Indian authors writing in English and translation of regional literature into English. Several writers through Salman Rushdie, Vikram Seth, Amitav Ghosh, Anita Desa, Arundhati Roy, Girish Karnad, Nirad C.Chaudhri hold centrestage in the contemporary scenario giving expression to their creative urge into other languages.
Nowadays, the most widely spoken language in the world is English and people have learnt it to reach a great variety of purposes such as education, science, tourism and commerce. It is in this situation where two different point of view has arised. Whereas there are those (Jenkins, 2005; Seidlhofer, 2001) who hold the idea of English as a lingua franca (a bridge language used by people whose native language is different) which does not need to be taught regarding the culture; another view, such as Byram, 1990) claims for teaching an acculturate language or (target language culture). Culture Culture is a complex concept, whose definition depends on the enclosed field. Nonetheless, what they have in common is that culture encompasses a community of people and it affects their people’s behaviors, ideas, attitudes, values and ideas.