Internationalization Of Higher Education Essay

1411 Words6 Pages
Review of Related Literature

Internationalization of Higher Education
Parmenter (2000) argues that internationalization can be seen as an outward expression of self-interest, where the nation is still the dominant concept. She describes a process of looking out at the world from one’s own native country and culture. This view of internationalization of education as a way of improving the country’s national economic competitiveness. While others authors view internationalization as focusing on education and economic advantages, others like Zeszotarski (2001) view this as the development of “intercultural adaptability,” or the ability not only to apply one’s knowledge of a foreign language, but to have the ability to adapt to the unspoken cultural
…show more content…
While these categories undoubtedly are interconnected and may overlap in terms of characterizing particular goals they are a useful starting point in understanding the reasons behind governmental policies and programs. In terms of academic, some general reasons are: expanding higher education capacity, improving higher education quality, prestige and rankings and knowledge creation and advancement. For economic he cited short-term economic gain, workforce development and long-term national economic development. Given the link between higher education capacity and quality and economic development, a number of the academic goals behind higher education internationalization can also be seen, in the long term, as a way to spur national economic development. Workforce development, too, contributes to this broader goal. Politics can also be a motivation such as in public diplomacy and “soft power”, wherein the “power of ideas and culture to influence the friendship, disposition, and action of others” (Nye 2004). Other political factor would include national security and international development and cooperation. It was further added that in social and cultural, internationalization could help in addressing global problems, global…show more content…
In 2015 they have drafted the memorandum on the policy and standards on the internationalization of Philippine higher education with the following internationalization policies 1. CHED shall pursue internationalization as a means to promote the quality of Philippine higher education, in accordance with its core mandate under Republic Act No. 7722, otherwise known as the Higher Education Act of 1994. 2. The internationalization policy for the Philippine higher education has the primary goal of improving the quality of education that would translate into the development of a high-quality and competitive labor force that can adapt to shifting demands in the regional and global environment to support and sustain the country’s economic growth. Internationalization is also envisaged to stimulate innovation and technological advancement resulting from a wider interaction of knowledge networks. As means to an end, the higher education internationalization strategy shall be directed towards supporting the national development goals, reflected in the Philippine Development Plan (PDP) and CHED’s medium-term Strategic Plan. 3. In the medium-term, higher education quality improvements resulting from internationalization would be manifested through an increasing number of graduates who possess employable skills, both in the domestic and international labor markets, global perspectives, and adaptable mindsets. Over
Open Document