Even if these feelings and thoughts appears in the therapy sessions, they are also patterns of thinking and feeling in real life settings. Being able to work on these feelings and thoughts and the mutual relationship between the therapist and the patient allows the personal change to occur. The change occurs not just in therapy room but also the gained insights help patient to apply this change to relationships in his/her
Michael White and David Epston observed and believed that the way people tell their stories reflects their emotions and motivations. A therapist must lead with a learner’s stance meaning from a place where the therapist learns from the client. With older clients encouraging the narrative and learning from their experience helps to identify values and histories of successful coping. Narrative therapy uses anti-hierarchal dialogues. The therapist facilitates the client as “expert in the room”.
This strategy attempts to find common ground with the client through discussion and active listening (Kensit, 2000). Moreover, for the counselor to be genuine and hold unconditional positive regard for the client, they have to be nonjudgmental, sympathetic, and empathetic towards their client, no matter how their worldviews differ (Kensit, 2000). Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), takes on a different form using a philosophical bend to address the cognitive and behavioral issues of the client (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley, 2000). In the counseling sessions, the client and counselor typically focus on a set of problem and create therapeutic goals based on the client’s values (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley, 2000). After these problem areas have been address the counselor would then be interested in evaluating the core beliefs of the client and determine if they are causing more deep rooted problem areas (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley,
In existential therapy, therapists are mainly concerned with " understanding the subjective world of clients to help them come to new understandings and options." (Corey, 2009, p. 148). Helping clients accept the responsibility of their own lives allows them to move from emotional angst and self-deception, toward the joy of achieving personal potential (Corey, 2009). The therapist acts as a mirror, of sorts, to reflect some of the self-imposed constrictions and limitations preventing the client from further growth. Most existential therapists use a variety of loosely stated techniques with
This paper 's intention is to apply Compassion-Focused Therapy to the case study of Laura and will outline how Compassion Focused Therapy clarifies the case of Laura as well as outlining the methods used in Compassion-Focused therapy. The essay will finally evaluate how effective Compassion Focused Therapy is when understanding the case of Laura. Compassion is ‘a desire to alleviate another person’s suffering’ as redefined by Lopez (2011) which is believed that people can train themselves to become more competent in (Lutz, Brefczynski-Lewis, Johnstone & Davidson, 2008). Dalai Lama (1995) originally suggested that compassion is achieved by deep commitment to relieve the suffering of another person (as cited in Gilbert, 2010a). Compassion focuses
First, the therapist attempts to understand the client’s idea of life; for example, what does he/ she believes or what do they stand for, such as its values. Second, the therapist explores those values in a much thorough way. Lastly, the client is expected to use what he/ she learned in therapy and apply it to their everyday life with the intention of living a purposeful
According to a site “NHS Choices” (2015), says psychotherapy involves talking to a trained therapist in an individual setting, or in a group setting. In a therapy session, it will allow you to look closer into your issues and worries, and deal with problematic behaviour and many types of mental disorders, such as depression and schizophrenia. Psychotherapy is all about sharing your issues and talking, but sometimes other skills may be used such as music, art, music, movement and
According to Bryant (2006), this type of therapeutic intervention encompasses psychoeducation, cognitive restructuring, anxiety management, imaginal and in vivo exposure, as well as relapse prevention. The client will receive education about stressful reactions to trauma and treatment options, which will help normalize the client’s stress response and enhance the expectancy of recovery. By implementing cognitive restructuring, the clinician will address unrealistic and maladaptive perceptions the client might have about the traumatic event and his fears of potential harm in the future. It will be useful to provide anxiety management strategies to the client in the therapy sessions because they can provide him with a degree of control over his distress and with a sense of relief. The techniques used for anxiety management include muscle relaxation and breathing retraining.
This are mainly related to those clients or patients whose life problems are adversely affecting or maintaining a disorder. This type of counselling involves identification of problems by the patient and measures to solve it. The measures are then tried and reviewed. This method is very useful in treating mild mood disorders. Interpersonal counselling- this is a type of counselling which focuses on the present state of interpersonal relationships like in home, work and society etc.
Video The video I chose was Object Relations Therapy for the reason that it is close to psychoanalytic theory. The video talks about the therapist relationship with the client. Jill Scharff mentions how this “therapeutic relationship is really the essence of the whole thing” she goes on to talk about how object relations theory bridges the gap between race, gender, economic status and how this theory is kind of a universal theory. Theory This theory deals with the experience of the client and it takes into account all the levels of consciousness. In looking at the different levels of consciousness you able to build an active relationship between the levels allowing the counselor to examine the ego of the client.