Hope, Rage, and Sacrifice Oppression is an illness that has plagued the world for centuries. This is shown in “Sympathy” by Paul Laurence Dunbar and “Caged Bird” by Maya Angelou as the birds are trapped by oppression and the birds must break free from it. Maya Angelou and Paul Laurence Dunbar use the central symbols of the free bird and the caged bird to reveal the theme of oppression. The symbols of rage and hope accompany the theme oppression. Hope is the main reason that the caged bird finds the strength to fight the engulfing oppression it was facing.
In Ellison short story “Battle Royal” he shows us readers his view on the American society and the black struggles that are inscribed in it. In the Beginning of the story Ellison shows that during his time period there were some black people that felt regret on not taking a stand against the white people and instead just live a life of inequality. The narrator grandfather gave him a long speech on his deathbed that was full of real thoughts of the black people of Ellison time. In the short story “Battle Royal”, the grandfather proclaims, “I never told you, but our life is a war and I have been a traitor all my born days, a spy in the enemy's country”. Clarifying the fact that the life he lived was not a life he intended to but the only way he thought he could survive was to live it in that manner.
In the social class division in America, there has always been a weakling at the bottom, struggling to survive. African Americans, in this case were thrown into a ditch, where they were isolated from society, stripped of their basic rights as U.S. citizens, which is what the Civil Rights Movement fought to give them: equal access to opportunities in America. In the 1960s racial oppression continued to give struggles to Blacks, which led to protests to create black political and cultural institutions that repressed their heritage. The main issue that is still being fought for to this day is police brutality and racial profiling, which has caused 1,147 deaths; 25% of those being African American. Although the movement to end discrimination between races has not ended, famous musicians and artist continue to release music based on their own thoughts on these issues.
King uses reasoning to specify the details about the struggles in African American life during the 1960’s. In “I Have a Dream,” King states the facts about how African Americans are still not free many years later: “But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free” (King para. 3). The quote above indicates that after the Emancipation Proclamation was signed, 100 years later the African Americans are still treated inhumanely as if the Emancipation Proclamation was never signed. These facts are explained through King’s words as he and many others went through these problems.
Through the results of these instances, Harper Lee shed a new light on racism and how it will always persist in America. This novel is mostly centered on Tom Robinson’s case and the final judgment. Tom Robinson was accused of raping Mayella, daughter of Bob Ewell. Atticus, being a symbol of good moral, dug his own grave when he decided to defend Tom. Since Tom Robinson was an African-American, all the odds were against him, so Atticus’s decision to defend Tom was the cause of the enmity between society and his family.
“The roots of racism lie deep in a man’s nature, wounded and bruised by original sin” Sargent Shriver. To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee has been read by thousands, and it teaches lessons that everyone can apply to their life. One of the most apparent themes of the story is humanity. The main characters Jem, Scout, and their lawyer father Atticus are followed throughout the story, as he tries to raise them with respect for all people in the small prejudice town of Maycomb. Atticus has been appointed to defend a black man accused of raping a white woman in the racist town.
The conclusion is the part of the song in which the singer or singers express the problem that needs determination. The hundreds of years that blacks have spent in America have been loaded with the repulsions of slavery and the prejudice and discrimination that took after. The impacts of this past were all the while being felt at the season of the civil rights movement with the act of isolation and the disavowal of civil right to the black group. These activities kept blacks from accepting equivalent open doors in all areas of society. This song perceives this as the principle calculate that is keeping blacks from accomplishing the treatment they merit.
Imagine living in a world of segregation - constantly judged by color of one’s skin and not being permitted to associate with the “superior” race. From slavery to discrimination, African-Americans experienced this horror in daily life since the beginning of their existence. Due to the fear of severe punishment, blacks were scared to fight for equality; however, on April 3, 1964 in Cleveland, Ohio, one brave soul finally did. His name was Malcolm Little (known as Malcolm X), a widely acknowledged human rights activist. Although he supported black equality, he attacked the problem unlike others such as Martin Luther King Jr. did.
When we think blacks back in the day, we think slavery. These people were terribly mistreated and had been under generations of assault. African-Americans were often arrested, murdered and faced much cruelty what they understood to be called as racism. All they could ever think of was surviving and self-defense. The blacks also stated that the constitution was disobeyed since constitutional rights towards them were broken.
Oned biographer, Arnold Rampersad, even went as far as calling Hughes “.. the most representative black American writer” This statement is made to ring true through the literary works Harlem  and PhD. In Harlem , the speaker reflects upon the lies told in the past, the “old kicks in the back”, and the times he/she was told to “be patient” in the face adversity, and racism. The tone is rather hostile as the speaker details the ways in which racism impacts his/her life. “Sure we remember” ‘We remember the job we never had, Never could get And can’t have now Because we’re colored.” the speaker goes on to detail the daily increase of the pricing on goods like bread and cigarettes. The speaker goes on, and suddenly, the tone shifts in the direction of sadness.
As a great advocate onced said, “In the end, we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends. -Martin Luther King Jr. Currently the hottest topic is not the dire killings of young black males, but we are still fighting for justice for the young black males who died at the hands of a white male officer. In 2015, the polls stated that blacks were killed at twice the rate of whites, Hispanics, and Native Americans. Among the African American race about twenty-five percent of African Americans killed were without weapons at the time of their killings.
The author has symbolically, yet vividly described to the readers the socio economic conditions of the black community. In spite of being intelligent and wise, they were never good enough to enjoy an equal status in society.This is seen when the author wrote about the audience 's reaction when the protagonist says the words social equality during his speech," Sounds of displeasure filled the room. They shouted hostile phrases at me"(Ellis). The African-Americans were looked down upon and had to shed their own blood, kill their own fellow-men, face humiliation, and had to be ready to accept whatever was tossed to them. Perhaps animals were in a better place, thus indicating the cruel color conflicts that existed in the segregated South.