Boundaries between Reality and Fiction are often exposed and highlighted through the use of various narrative techniques, thereby making it a fundamental element in both texts. The narrator of Slaughterhouse Five seeks to reinvent his “recount” of the “destruction of Dresden”. As written in The French Lieutenant’s Woman, we “fictionalize” our past as “We are all in flight from reality” (Fowles 97). This is apparent in Slaughterhouse Five as the narrator makes it clear that his story has a testimonial function although he does not construct the narrative in its original chronological structure. Instead, the narrator uses a nonlinear chronological narrative structure that truly reflects the indelible and traumatic impact of war.
Gender debate has its origin from the period unknown. The consequences of this debate are umpteen in number and interplay of dualities in women is one among them. Women in Salman Rushdie’s novels vividly display multiple dual elements inbuilt in them, and this paper deconstructs the mystery behind the split-personality of Aurora Zogoiby of Salman Rushdie’s The Moor’s Last Sigh. Just identifying the dual elements in her would be meaningless if the causes and origins of these dual elements are left unexplored. The views expressed by psychoanalysts, Simone de Beauvoir, Ajay Skaria, Nicole Weikgenannt, Chandra Mohanty, Trinh T. Minh-Ha, Aloka Patel, Catherine Cundy, and Justyna Deszcz have been skimmed and scanned to throw light on these areas in this paper.
Gender identity is a controversial concept that has been discussed in terms of several perceptions such as psychological, social and political point of views. In consequence, it acquires different definitions and interpretations. However, in feminist works, using the feminist approach seems to be imperative because of its validity in analyzing the psychology of female heroines, as well as the psychology of female writers. This thesis attempts to clarify gender identity thought reading three postmodern gothic novels written by Angela Carter –a British contemporary writer. The ultimate goal of this thesis is to read the concept of gender identity in the terms of postmodern principles; it argues that Angela Carter in her postmodern gothic novels The
It could be reasonably argued that the first step toward an understanding of this theory is exchanging views on culture, power relations, and history in a particular society. Tom Fish and Meredith Anne Skura affirm that New Historicism deals more specifically with the issues of power (the ways in which dominant group exerts its influence over others) and culture (social forces of constraint and mobility), and to the plays’ effect on power relations in the new world. (qtd. in N-avarro 14) The most obvious way of illustrating the culture over the past centuries is considering the various discourses in literary texts. New Historicism has changed the way in which we are obliged to think about the culture over the past centuries through literary
We all cross frontiers; in that sense, we are all migrant peoples.’ In her novels, Bharati Mukherjee has dealt with such moving metaphors of culture- their displacement, dislocation, mutation and translation. Postcolonial transnational counter-textuality began by affirming the contestation between estrangement and search for identity. The counter-textual mood of anti-colonial or nationalist writing finds its resources in the transcultural restlessness of writers such as Salman Rushdie, Ben Okri, Michael Ondaatje and Bharati Mukherjee. However, Mukherjee’s position is different from
The act of bringing them to consciousness frequently changes them; the act of expressing them to another almost always does so”. Taken from her article, this quote summarises the overall argument which will be discussed, and reveals the answer to the underlying problems in the novel, with regards to the nature of the
Paradigms are ways of perceiving the world in terms of both the problems that can be addressed and the evidence that may have a bearing on their solution, says, Margherita Ulrych, a translation scholar. He continues, when the existing paradigm accumulated so many defects that it essentially becomes untenable, the paradigm is challenged and replaced by new ways of perceiving the world. Translation studies also witness profound paradigm shifts in recent years along with literature, linguistics, social studies, cultural studies etc. This shift is from strictly comparing the original source text with the target text to descriptive translation studies, where many fundamental issues pertaining to historical, social and cultural compulsions which
Directed towards dialogism and along the same lines, Melba Cuddy- Keane and Leila Brosnan, in particular, call attention to the communication that takes place within the essay. Therefore, the presence of dialogue and the inclusion of a multitude of voices are dependent on the narrative composition and its many layers. Without actually showing how narrative levels are set in motion, Beth Rigel Daughterly, for instance, notes that Woolf “revolutionized feminist persuasion by creating a layered narrative” (101). In A Room of one’s Own there are various narrative concepts. The notions of an audience, narratees, multiple voices, and narrative levels are important that the narrator can be conceived of as stable and unstable, as static and dynamic, as singular and multiple, as individual and collective, real and fictive, anonymous and personified, and as personal and impersonal.
Lahiri presents a new dimension to English fiction through the exploration of displacement and conflict of values, which has become a typical neo-Indian phenomenon. Lahiri’s novels are known for their importance of characters. In all her novels, she explores the human mind. She places her characters in complex situations and they find themselves alienated. The Story revolves around two brothers that Subhash and Udayan grew up in Tollygunge.
THE EXISTENTIAL PREDICAMENT OF WOMEN CHARACTERS IN CHITRA BANERJEE’S NOVELS Chapter 1 Writing must come out of t we know, what we feel…. But ultimately it must transcend all that to reach across time and space and memory to touch those who have never – and who will never – live as we have lived. What else is literature for? Because if it is only the specifics of a culture we want to record, surely a sociologist or an anthropologist could do it better. ~ Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni Literature is a metamorphosis with an artistic experiment over discovery of cultural worlds and issues done with the hold of many lenses, but often times the narrative is one of the most dominant ways to communicate