One most important tip is for teachers should educate themselves and learn as much as they can about intellectual disabilities. There are some techniques and strategies that teachers can also use to support children educationally. First teachers must recognize that they can make a difference in student’ lives by finding out what their strengths and interests are, focus on them, and create opportunities for success. Teachers must also be concrete as possible by demonstrating what they mean rather than giving directions verbally and tasks that are longer in steps should be broken down into smaller steps and provide assistance when necessary. As it relates to student skills, teachers should teach life skills such as social skills and occupational awareness and exploration by involving students in group or club activities.
“Learning disabilities are often grouped into three categories: speech or language disorders; problems with reading, writing, or math skills; and a range of other disorders such as problems with coordination, motor skills, or memory” (“Early Warning Signs of a Learning Disability”). Some of the most common disabilities are Dyslexia, Dysgraphia, Dyscalculia Auditory and Visual Processing Disabilities. Dyslexia is a language based disability in VPK the child usually has trouble possessing words, letters and numbers correctly. Similar to dyslexia dyscalculia, which is a mathematical disability causing someone to have difficulties solving mathematical problems or have difficulties grasping math concepts, solving puzzles or anything else in that nature. Another learning disability in which I previously names is dysgraphia, a disability that prevents someone from being able to write and form letters properly, and could cause trouble writing in a defined space.
Public school administrators should make this information widely know to staff and the staff should be trained in collaboration and problem solving methods to be implemented in the classroom. Self-Study: Personal Mechanisms of Change Attending a school which allowed students to progress through grades, based on cognitive level, allowed me to develop through Piaget’s suggested stages at my own pace. Personally, I arrived at the concrete operational stage earlier than the proposed age of 7. I was allowed to interact with students that were on the same cognitive and behavioral level although our ages differed. Self-Study: Reflection of Reaction to Theory– According to Piaget’s theory, I am in the formal operational stage.
Recent legislation requires schools to implement a Response to Intervention (RTI) model that is based on multi-tiered systems of support (MTSS). The goal of RTI is to identify students early who are struggling academically or behaviorally and provide appropriate interventions to prevent these challenges from becoming more serious and detrimental to their success. Under the traditional system, students may not receive extra services until a problem becomes severe, and they meet criteria for a special education qualification. RTI helps schools identify children earlier using systematic and scientific universal screeners of all children. Therefore, RTI gives students who are at-risk the opportunity to receive less intensive intervention services,
Elisa, I found your post to be well thought out and answered the question asked. Informed consent is a must have when working in the school system. Per Ansaldo (2011) one problem noted with response-to-intervention (RTI) models, is that finding the student who needs extra help is easy, but identifying the teacher who may need assistance is not as easy. Moreover, focusing on the teacher being able to teach all learners should be more important than detecting students (Ansaldo, 2011). An RTI tier level approach in schools would focus on evidence-based services available to students, monitoring of students for progress, based on progress a decision collaboration, if necessary more intensive use of interventions, and evaluations (Saeki, Jimerson, Earhart, Hart, Renshaw, Singh, & Stewart 2011).
al. (2014), were attempting to identify if people with developmental prosopagnosia had trouble with perceptual maintenance, perceptual encoding, or both mechanisms. Similarly, Shah et. al. (2014) were looking to find if prosopagnosics exhibited short term facial memory.
A classroom should be filled with a wide variety of languages, experiences, and cultural diversity. An effective teacher understands the importance of culturally responsive teaching, and recognizes the significance of including students ' cultural references in all aspects of learning. Having an enriching classroom that engages all students does not mean making judgments about a student’s culture based on their skin color, gender, or socioeconomic status, rather it means knowing each student in a way that is individualized. According to the authors of The First Day of School: How to be an Effective Teacher Harry Wong, race, gender, religion, financial statue, and skin color is the least important factor determining a student’s achievement. Moreover, demographics and culture are not an excuse for students’ lack of achievement.
2. Theoretical formulations 2.1. Operational definitions of terms Autism Spectrum Disorder - any of a group of developmental disorders marked by impairments in the ability to communicate and interact socially and by the presence of repetitive behaviors or restricted interests. Awareness - The state or quality of being conscious of something. Knowledge - Facts, information, and skills acquired through experience or education.
During instructional modification they learned to analyze and decode words also, due to their short term memory, the skills they learnt had to be applied throughout the day, prompting them to remember to use the skills that were previously taught. The inclusion of the RTI process in IDEA 2004 has changes the way learning disability are now determine. In 2004 congress made changes to the Individuals with Disabilities Act implemented an alternative to identifying students with learning disabilities known as RTI. Prior to 2004, a student was labeled with having a learning disability only if a significant discrepancy of 1 ½ standard deviation between their IQ score and academic
It started with the support of AS in 1967 by Education for the Handicapped Act (Bouck, Maeda, & Flanagan, 2012). The IDEA (Individual with Disabilities Act) needs schools to give assistive technology equipment and services for a student with a disability to make sure a “free and suitable” public education. The reauthorization of IDEA (1997) mandate AT to be comprised into the Individual Education Program (IEP). In 2001, with the passage of No Child Left Behind (NCLB), the American Department of Education is embracing technology study to enhance the performance of educational involvement and in turn, educational success.
Screenings in schools would enhance student success at school and interrelated benefits for students, families and teachers. Also, finding problems earlier in life allowing room to treat them before they become severe. Reducing cost because of less need for intensive treatments and special education. Depression is when one really does not care about anything. Anxiety is when one cares too much about everything.