Intrinsic And Extrinsic Motivation

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“The only way to do great work is to love what you do” (as cited in Bloxham, 2011). This is the famous quote from Steve Jobs who is a CEO of the Apple incorporation. It indicates that most people will choose their occupation based on their interest, which is not depended upon how much money they will earn. There are two types of motivations, which are intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation can be defined as internal factors, which serve their satisfaction and enjoyment. Extrinsic motivation is the opposite of intrinsic drives that people will act in a certain way based on external incentives. The most common form of external motivation is financial rewards. In today 's society, many people commonly use money as an extrinsic motivation in order to contribute better behavior. However, non-financial rewards should be used to improve people 's performances, which comes from praise and individual recognition as intrinsic motivation. “To be motivated means to be moved to do something” (Deci & Ryan, 2000). It means that people’s action is associated with motivation. Motivation is one factor which energizes, influences or controls human behaviors (“Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation,” n.d.). Intrinsic drives can be identified into four terms regardless self management methods, which are giving the meaning of objects, finding effective ways to achieve the purposes, showing all the abilities, and ensuring improvement reaching the goals (Thomas, 2009).

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