Second, is to explain how individuals, state or non-state actors interact with this system. Third, is to identify the downsides of globalization and last is to explain the role of the US in stabilizing this system and how this state became a key actor for globalization. To begin with, the new system of globalization is an encompassing process of change. It involves the inescapable march to new technology and democratization of various idea this is why the main perspective of globalization is “integration”. Moreover, the system of globalization could stand by its own feet since it has its own demographic pattern which explains why people from rural areas move to urban area just to follow the trend in the global scene, also it has its own dominant culture mainly the reason why it tends to homogenize
Lipsky states that street-level bureaucrats play a crucial role in policy making. This seems like a common sense statement to us, but at the time it was published, this was a ground-breaking theory in the area of social sciences. Street-level bureaucrats are at the centre of controversy because they deal with the public as well as the government. If policy is to be changed, they are the people who have to be dealt with. These bureaucrats create policy through discretion and autonomy, a concept so far away from the ideas that surround bureaucracy: that there is a detachment between worker and
The notion and the meaning of conflict have evolved with time. Before Coser, conflict was seen more as a source of social change and disintegration. However, the conflict theory we are referring to here is not necessarily an infliction of violence or atrocities, but a conflict that arises due to unequal distribution of power and resources. Theorists consider power to be an important element of conflict theory. For instance, who uses power or where is power located are two of the main concerns of conflict theory.
Directly put, politicians and state actors use the meaning behind ‘freedom’ as a way to justify and construct consent to dissolve market regulations and privatize formerly public institutions. Harvey’s stance on neoliberalism is greatly influenced by his Marxist ideologies. While he provides a handful of sound arguments against these practically globalized policies, there are still gaps of reason and logical throughout his assessment of neoliberalism. By using the arguments presented by Hayek, Keynes, and Friedman, Harvey’s account of neoliberalism will be critiqued and challenged, supporting the notion that as a whole, neoliberalism is frequently
She identifies the types of movements that develop within social movements through explaining that not all social movements aim for a progressive change but instead some work to return the society to the way it was before the occurrence of a “change”. From that, the author draws an explanation for why social movements matter by highlighting their impacts on institutions and their abilities to dissolute political regimes and states and allow the emergence of new ones. Moreover, she moves on to define globalization by elaborating on its complexity through its homogeneity and heterogeneity. With both characteristics diversifying globalization at both ends, the emergence of global civil society and global values is witnessed to shape the development of a global consciousness. Through these establishments, global social movements expand to mobilize as networks on national and international
INTRODUCTION Economic globalization spread the companies and people; some other drivers of globalization spread an even more important thing - ideas. Ideas are spread throughout the world; people speak much louder in today’s world and that’s one of the many prisms we can think about political globalization, politics are made by people, ideas and institutions and once barriers are less and less the global politics will arise more and more. The discussion is about if this two phenomenon’s are related in such a way that the more advanced and already established economic globalisation will be inevitably followed by a political globalisation. In fact, political globalisation is already, somehow provided by the emergence of some global institutions
“Public relations is the strategic communication that different types of organisations use for establishing and maintaining symbiotic relationships with relevant publics many of whom are increasingly becoming culturally diverse” (Sriramesh & Verčič, 2009). The essential terms utilized as a part of the definition have been clarified the fact that the important publics are multicultural and situated in multiple regions of the world largely due to globalisation. It is applicable to perceive that globalization is not a 21st century wonder. At different focuses over social history, globalisation has occurred and have traded their qualities and the distant past. For example, concentrating on the late history, one could say that globalization happened when quite a bit of Europe had to be reconstructed after World War II.
Brass (1991) argues that political and economic conditions ascertain the salience of ethnicity. Ethnic elites perform instrumental role in ethnic mobilization and raise their demands. Ethnic conflict is function of different political factors and it becomes important when state
1.6 CDA and Political Discourse Analysis There are many approaches for the analysis of Political Discourse integrated with Critical Discourse Analysis. Wodak (1995) postulates a major influence in this study by summarizing the constitutive principles of CDA as follows: 1- Political commitment: the aim of CDA is to uncover power-abuse and inequality. CDA is being criticised for being political only because its political values are explicit. 2- Problem-oriented research: CDA studies the everyday use of language in different social environments such as organisational discourse, media discourse, etc. Each discourse is socially relevant to the situation, thus it is problem-oriented.
Criteria for success of a social venture: Creating Social Impact: A social venture should lead to creation of a new activity area where the needs of the people are not being satisfied by the existing services. There should be a group of people/beneficiary who actually long for those services and whose life can be impacted. . However, the nature of the impact varies across three general forms of social entrepreneurship. The three forms are • One which build the local capacity to solve problem • One which provides packages needed to solve the existing problems and • One which helps to build local movements to fight with powerful actors A great example of this could be Vaatsalya Health Care.