The Job Analysis Process

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JOB ANALYSIS

INTRODUCTION
Job analysis is the procedure for determining the duties and skill requirements of a job and the kind of person who should be hired for it (Dessler,2000). There are many definitions of job analysis since different scholars interpret it in their own words. Job analysis also means a purposeful, systematic process of collecting information on the important work-related aspects of a job. Possible aspects of work-related information to be collected might include - work activities like what a worker does, how, when, and why these activities are conducted. Tools and equipment used to do work related activities, context of the work environment as work schedule or physical working conditions, requirements of the personnel
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These activities include recruiting, selecting, training, performance appraisal, compensations, promotions etc. Systematic exploration of activities within the job. It is a technical procedure used to define the duties , responsibilities, and accountabilities of the job. Job analysis has received much attention the reasons being first, many have realized that job are not static i.e., the nature of jobs keep changing for many reasons, such as technological changes advancements, seasonal variations, or the initiative of an incumbent.* Two other factors have influenced the role of job analysis , first the Federal Guidelines ( the Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures*). Second, professional standards (For example, the Principles for the Validation and Use of Personnel Selection Procedures)* produced by the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology have also emphasized the important role of Job analysis. The Uniform Guidelines and the Principles have advocated that job analyses be performed as part of the development, application, and validation of selection procedures . Each of these documents has elevated the legal as well as practical importance of job analysis. Even court cases involving employment discrimination in selection have underlined the significance of job…show more content…
The main source of this development can be traced back to the passage of Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.Title VII makes it illegal for an organization to refuse to select an individual or to discriminate against a person with respect to compensation, terms , conditions, or privileges of employment because of the person’s race, complexion, sex, religion, or national origin. Because many Title VII cases have concerned the role of discrimination in selection for employment, JA has emerged as critical to the prosecution or defense of a discrimination case.Thus job analysis and its associated methodologies have become intertwined with the law. With this legal vein, two developments have amplified the importance of job analysis in selection research: (a) the adoption of the Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures by the federal government and (b) litigation involving discrimination in selection, arising under Title VII as well as the Filth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S.
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