Introduction Poverty is one of the major problems of modern society. In fact there is no single generally accepted definition of poverty. The narrowest definition of poverty is based on the insufficiency of financial resources to meet the basic life needs. Today, poverty is described as situation in which there is lack of basic opportunities for a dignified life and it is manifested in various ways including social discrimination, lack of income and resources needed for existence, insecure environment and isolation. Also, poverty includes hunger which is related to malnutrition, different health problems, limited or no access to education, inadequate housing conditions, homelessness and lack of other basic services.
Poverty can also be defined into absolute or relative terms. The first concept has to be with the income necessary to meet basic needs, like food, clothing and shelter. On the other hand, the second concept takes into account the social and cultural aspect of someone’s life, defining poor as the failure to meet some pre-established standards of living in a certain societal context. Poverty is indeed a broader concept and cannot only be viewed only by its economic
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN POVERTY AND DISABILITY INTRODUCTION In society, there is often a considerable gap in the accessibility of resources between the disabled and non-disabled. This unequal accessibility results in disabled individuals being stuck in a cycle of poverty. In this essay, I will give a general description of the definitions of poverty. I will then describe the three perspectives of disability as well as look at the relationship between poverty and disability. I will also use my visit to Mitchel’s Plain to elaborate more on my understanding of poverty and disability.
Inequality of conditions allude to the unequal distribution of material goods, income, and wealth. For example, the inequality of housing conditions with the homeless and those living in housing projects sitting at the bottom of hierarchy while the multi- million dollar houses sit at the top of the
Introduction: Poverty refers to a situation when people are deprived of basic necessities of life. It is often characterized by inadequacy of food, shelter and clothes. In other words, poverty refers to a state of privation where there is a lack of essential needs for subsistence. India is one of the poorest countries in the world. Many Indian people do not get two meals a day.
Poverty Poverty is said to be the scarcity or the lack of a certain amount of material possessions or money. Poverty is a multifaceted concept, which may include social, economic, and political elements. Absolute poverty, extreme poverty, or destitution refers to the complete lack of the means necessary to meet basic personal needs such as food, clothing and shelter There are different types of poverty; income Poverty refers to when a family 's income fails to meet a federally established threshold to meet the basic human needs. Absolute poverty, extreme poverty, or destitution refers to the complete lack of the means necessary to meet basic personal needs such as food, clothing and shelter. Relative poverty is a measure of income inequality.
When people live in their own homes they may save on rent payments (Ruth McLeod and David Satterthwaite, 2004). Rent fee is critical for each household for many different reasons, but most important for low-income households because it takes a large portion of income this is the drawback to fulfill other basic needs. Spending too much on rent means less money for other necessities, including food, education, and medical
INTRODUCTION Poverty can be defined objectively and applied consistently only in terms of the concept of relative deprivation. The term is understood objectively rather than subjectively. Individuals, families and groups in the population can be said to be in poverty when they lack the resources to obtain the types of diet, participate in the activities and have the living conditions and amenities which are customary, or are at least widely encouraged or approved, in the societies to which they belong. Their resources are so seriously below those commanded by the average individual or family that they are, in effect, excluded from ordinary living patterns, customs and activities. The consequences of adopting this definition will be illustrated to bring out its meaning.
Corollaries of poverty Poverty is a multi-dimensional phenomenon. Economic deprivation disempowers and dehumanizes people in several ways. Low income negatively affects nutrition and when body does not get enough nutrition capacity to work and earn decreases further. Malnutrition is often compounded with a general poor health condition due to lack of access to potable drinking water, poor sanitation facilities, congested living area and high cost of health
According to Encyclopedia Americana (1989) poverty can be viewed from two different perspectives and these two points of view are: (i) “ moneylessness” which means both an insufficiency of cash and serious inadequacy of resources of all kinds to satisfy and meet basic human needs, such as, nutrition, rest, and body maintenance; and (ii) “powerlessness” meaning those that lack the chances and choices open to them and whose lives seem to them to be governed by forces and persons outside their control. From this, it is seen that poverty has various manifestations which include among others: lack of income and productive resources enough to make sure sustainable livelihood, hunger and malnutrition, limited or lack of access to education, ill health, and other basic services, increased morbidity and mortality from illness, homelessness and inadequate, unsafe and degraded environment and social discrimination and exclusion LITERATURE REVIEW Vital to the clamour for policies and programmes that will reduce poverty is the issue of the conceptualization of poverty. Conceptually, there three dominant views that will be identified as the meaning of poverty in this paper. Aliyu, (2002) has specifically identified the first view that views poverty as a chronic deprivation of some basic human needs at the individual or household level. Put differently, poverty is a material deprivation and this can best be measured and quantified in monetary terms.