According to Medicine,Net, an individual who is living with a drug addiction for an extended period of time may begin to experience a number of serious psychological problems as a result of their dependence on drugs. These conditions can range from mild to serious but all will impact the life of the addicted individual in a negative manner. Among the most common long-term psychological effects of drug addictions are: • Depression. As an individual develops a tolerance to drugs, it will take ever-increasing amounts of the substance to get high. When the individual is unable to achieve their desired state of euphoria, they may become depressed.
Addiction is the reliance on a routine. There are many addictive stages. Addiction, as it comes along, becomes a way of life. The persistent use of the substance causes to the user serious physical or psychological problems and dysfunctions in major areas of his or her life. The drug user continues to use substances and the compulsive behavior despite the harmful consequences, and tries to systematically avoid responsibility and reality, while he or she tends to isolate himself/herself from others because of guilt and pain (Angres, & Bettinardi-Angres, 2008).
In the context of addiction, one would be considered under these terms when over using drugs and alcohol, not just occasionally using them or being prescribed something. Addiction is a self inflicted disease which occurs when one initially decides to make the decision to immediate them. As a result of the usually voluntary act, the repetition of abusing the substance results in brain challenges. This is the basis of why these addictions are called diseases. The brain accumulates the need for the substance, eventually becoming not only a mental need but sometimes a physical need.
“Causes and consequences of Drug addiction” Causes of drug addiction Causes of drug addiction include genetic, environmental and psychological factors. Multiple factors play a significant role in drug addiction. When we ignore the person who is taking drugs, rather than taking him or her for treatment; he/she becomes drug addicted. Lack of knowledge and awareness of consequences of drugs also leads a person to drug addiction. Following are the major causes of drug addiction: Family and environmental causes of drug addiction: Environmental causes are the attributes in a person’s surrounding that increase the chance of becoming addicts.
Substances such as cocaine, heroin, Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (cannabis), and methamphetamine are known to cause severe addiction. The effects of drugs on a human health and psychology may come in many forms. Cocaine and methamphetamine can cause nerve cells to overproduce natural neurotransmitter or prevent the natural cycling of the brain hormones, typically dopamine. As such, this may create an unusual behaviour in the brain reward system which may cause the ability of the user to halt the drug used is compromised. The user is said to be addicted and the ability to make voluntary choices is being compromised resulting in taking drugs as a psychological and physical need.
Drug addiction is a serious mental health illness that is plaguing individuals from all walks of life. Some people normally believe that addictive behavior is as a result of genetic predisposition to become a drug addict. Others believe that a chaotic upbringing could be the root cause of this menace. However, researchers in psychology say that the cause of drug addiction could be as a result of the combination of the two. A genetic predisposition to addictive behavior coupled with environmental factors
Additionally, drug addiction alters the dopamine systems natural levels, and results in the body being unable to balance the levels of dopamine due to the reduction of dopamine available for release. In conclusion, dopamine receptor gene has been attributed to an increase in the propensity for drug addiction, alcoholism, and thrill seeking behavior (Beaver, 2013). Reward Dominance Theory The study of neurology and neurotransmitters has led to the creation of the neurobiological theory known as the reward dominance theory (Walsh et al., 2012). The behavioral activating system and the behavioral inhibition system are two of the principal systems of behavioral control located within the brain (Walsh et al., 2012) .The reward dominance theory emphasizes two functions of systems of the brain : the behavioral approach system, and behavioral inhibition system (Walsh et al., 2012). Furthermore, the behavioral approach system is the system that determines what drives an individual towards rewards and satisfaction (Wright et al., 2008).
Juveniles become drug dependent because of weighing burdens, such as family altering situations, and monetary issues. Numerous juveniles also fall under substance abuse when going through mental illnesses such as depression and anxiety disorder. In “General Strain Theory and the Relationship between Early Victimization and Drug Use,” written by Christopher J. Sullivan, John K. Cochran, Kim M. Lersch, and Dena C. Carson, the authors express that the strain theory shows how “early drug use has been shown to increase the likelihood of delinquent behavior”(78). Often times, juveniles turn to crime when under the influence of mind altering substances such as drugs that cause them to behave erratically and abnormally. The use of drugs causes a juvenile to turn to deviant behavior.
The film stressed the importance that addiction is more likely to occur when people start using drugs or alcohol in adolescence or early adulthood. Addiction is recognized as a disease, something that is not pleasant to experience for the person addicted and their family. In this paper the themes found in the film, connection between class material and the film, as well as an overall reaction to the film will be discussed. Primary Themes Addressed in Film Three themes that surrounded people whom have an addiction to drugs or alcohol in this film include the importance of treatment, the effects addiction has on themselves and their family and the effects of addiction on the brain. The importance of treatment is stressed because the definition of addiction is that it is hard to stop abusing the drug of choice and tendency to relapse is high.
DRUG ADDICTION IS THE BREEDING GROUND OF CRIMES The word ‘drug’ inspires a feeling of terror in minds everywhere, with many perceiving it as something to be feared and loathed. The situation, however, is quite different from how it seems. The first thing we think of when we think of the word is not what it was originally intended to be; not the powdery substance that is injected, inhaled or smoked; rather, a life-saving amalgamation of chemicals- which, indeed, it still is. A ‘drug’, as defined by the World Health Organization, is “any substance that is used or intended to be used to modify or explore the physiological or pathological system in the benefit of the recipient.” The definition is quite loose- we do not know the ways in which it