Water Pollution: Causes And Solutions

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WATER POLLUTION

INTRODUCTION
It is called ‘Pollution’, “when something is added to the environment that makes it unclean or unsafe” (C.Dozier, 2001,p1). According to Arvind Kumat, (2008,p.142) “Water pollution is defined as the addition of some substance (organic, inorganic, biological, and radiological) or factor (e.g. heat) which degrades the quality of water so that it either become a health hazard or unfit to use. Water pollution not only affects plants and organisms living in the bodies of water, but it also damages the natural biological communities. (Dingra and Singh,2004) Over 70% of the Earth’s surface is covered by water but less than 1% of it is available for drinking and agriculture; thus making water pollution a very significant issue. (Ashiri, 2009) Therefore, pollution of water has become a major problem that needs to be tackled. In this essay, I would like to highlight the main sources, causes and effects of water pollution and solutions for water pollution.
SOURCES, CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF WATER POLLUTION
There are two main types of water pollution. The first is point
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The human world can live with sewage, strewn beaches, dead oceans and rivers and fish that are hazardous to eat. Or all humans can work together to keep the environment clean and safe for the plants, animals and people who depend on it to remain healthy. Apart from the role of scientists, legislators, industries, and citizen groups, individual acts can also be taken to reduce water pollution such as using environmental friendly detergents, stopping pouring oil down drains, reducing pesticides and so on. Community action can be taken too, by helping out on beach cleans or litter pick to improve the cleanliness of our rivers, lakes and seas. By working together solutions for water pollution can be gained and water pollution can be controlled; thus leading the world to become a cleaner, less polluted and a better

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