Introduction To Water Pollution

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WATER POLLUTION

INTRODUCTION
It is called ‘Pollution’, “when something is added to the environment that makes it unclean or unsafe” (C.Dozier, 2001,p1). According to Arvind Kumat, (2008,p.142) “Water pollution is defined as the addition of some substance (organic, inorganic, biological, and radiological) or factor (e.g. heat) which degrades the quality of water so that it either become a health hazard or unfit to use. Water pollution not only affects plants and organisms living in the bodies of water, but it also damages the natural biological communities. (Dingra and Singh,2004) Over 70% of the Earth’s surface is covered by water but less than 1% of it is available for drinking and agriculture; thus making water pollution a very significant
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Examples of this source include, leaching out of nitrogen compounds from fertilized agricultural land and nutrient runoff in storm water ‘Sheet Flow’ over a forest. The pollutants present on the surface of land and fertilizers added to the soil accelerate soil erosion and also fouls the water, which eventually gets into the streams, seas and lakes which give rise to Eutrophication. (Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, 2016)
SOLUTIONS FOR WATER POLLUTION
Water pollution is a significant global issue which threatens all living things and the whole ecosystem. There are no easy ways to solve water pollution; if there were, it would not be so much of a catastrophic problem. Generally speaking, water pollution controlling results from cooperation between scientists, state agencies, industries and citizen groups.
Scientists can identify the sources of water pollution and concentration of pollution. Moreover, they can study the effect and recommend safe pollution level, study and design pollution control methods. Apart from that, they can research about new treatment technologies. (C.Dozier, 2001) These actions from scientists contribute in controlling the water
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The human world can live with sewage, strewn beaches, dead oceans and rivers and fish that are hazardous to eat. Or all humans can work together to keep the environment clean and safe for the plants, animals and people who depend on it to remain healthy. Apart from the role of scientists, legislators, industries, and citizen groups, individual acts can also be taken to reduce water pollution such as using environmental friendly detergents, stopping pouring oil down drains, reducing pesticides and so on. Community action can be taken too, by helping out on beach cleans or litter pick to improve the cleanliness of our rivers, lakes and seas. By working together solutions for water pollution can be gained and water pollution can be controlled; thus leading the world to become a cleaner, less polluted and a better

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