DNA is a negatively charged macro molecule. Protein interact with the DNA with its positively charged residues. Protein molecule interact with DNA by means of hydrogen bonding mainly. The hydrogen bonding play an essential role for many bio-molecular interaction. We can found this kind of interaction during protein-protein interaction, DNA protein interaction,
The effect of pH on the speed of enzyme interaction with substrate chemicals Hypothesis: About pH: If the pH level is less than 5, then the speed of the enzyme reaction will be slower. About temperature: If the temperature stays the same, then the speed of the enzyme reaction will not be completely affected. Background information: The function of enzymes is to speed up the biochemical reaction by lowering the activation energy, they do this by colliding with the substrate. All enzymes are under the class of protein biomolecule. Amino acids are the basic units that are combined to make up an enzyme.
Where is the information stored in DNA? a. Deoxyribose sugars b. Phosphodiester bonds c. Phosphate groups d. Nitrogenous bases 24. Acid chyme produced by stomach is neutralized In the intestine by which of the following? a. Pancreatic secretions b. Brush- border enzymes c. Gastric juice 25. In which of the following locations does the development of blood call take place?
The functions mainly for the nucleolus are RNA-related, and it was also detected the ability of RNA processing and assembly f ribonucleoproteins (RNPs) Another role of the nucleolus is the ability to maturate, assemble and export RNP particles as signal recognition particle, telomerase RNPs and processing of precursor transfer RNAs and U6 small nuclear RNAs.  An additional role in the regulation of the cell cycle was observed, where it manages the stress responses, telomerase activity, and aging. Sequestering or re-leasing some specific proteins in the nucleolus regulates this function. It was always thought that the main function of the nucleolus was linked with the ribosome biogenesis and exportation of mRNA in yeast and mammalian cells, however in recent studies data it was demonstrated the ability of the nucleolus in plant cells in transcriptional gene silencing, mRNA surveillance, nonsense-mediated decay and mRNA export. Eukaryotic ribosomal RNA genes are organized in large clusters, often involving hundreds or thousands of repeated genes, with each gene encoding one copy of the 18S, 5.8S and 25–28S rRNAs.
However, certain ribonucleic acid (RNA) molecules can also be biological catalysts, forming ribozymes. A very important example of a ribozyme is the ribosome, a large assembly of proteins and catalytically active RNA molecules responsible for the synthesis of proteins in the cell. The structure of the active site is specific to the reaction that it catalyzes, with groups in the substrate
Principles of Human Physiology, 4e (Stanfield) Chapter 2 The Cell: Structure and Function 2.1 Multiple Choice Questions Figure 2.1 Using Figure 2.1, answer the following questions: 1) Which of the following nucleotide sequences accurately reflects the mRNA that would be produced from the double-stranded DNA pictured in Figure 2.1? A) TGTCTCACTGTCTTG B) ACAGAGTGACAGAAC C) UGUCUCACUGUCUUG D) ACAGAGUGACAGAAC E) GTTCTGTCACTCTGT Answer: C Diff: 5 Page Ref: 26 1 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. 2) Based upon the number of nucleotides, how many amino acids will be formed from the DNA strand shown in Figure 2.1? A) 2 B) 3 C) 5 D) 7 E) 50 Answer: C Diff: 3 Page Ref: 42 3) In Figure 2.1, ________ between complementary bases hold the two strands
Similarly, as blood glucose falls, the amount of insulin secreted by the pancreatic islets goes down. Insulin has an effect on a number of cells, including muscle, red blood cells, and fat cells. In response to insulin, these cells absorb glucose out of the blood, having the net effect of lowering the high blood glucose levels into the normal range. Glucagon is secreted by the alpha cells of the pancreatic islets in the same manner as insulin...except in the opposite direction. If blood glucose is high, then no glucagon is secreted.
When BGLs are high, beta cells (which are also secreted by the pancreas) detect this change. They then release insulin into the blood, the insulin causes the liver to reabsorb excess glucose and convert it into glycogen, the stored form of glucose. Insulin also causes the body 's other cells to take up glucose so that it can be used up, thus lowering the BGL in the body back to the normal
Mariel Beauroyre 9-B A chemical bond is form with the joining of two or more atoms (when two atoms are joined they form molecules and compounds.) Which are being held together by the attraction (force attraction) of atoms through sharing as well as exchanging electrons. Chemical bonds are found in molecules, crystals, or in solid metals. They also organized the atoms in order structures. But why are they important you may ask?