Ionic Compounds Lab Report

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Properties of Ionic and Covalent Substances Lab Report
Introduction
The purpose of this lab was to determine which of the following substances: wax, sugar, and salt, are an ionic compound and which are a covalent compound. In order to accurately digest the experiments results, definitions of each relating factor were researched, leading to the following information: ionic compounds are positive and negatively charged ions that experience attraction to each other and pull together in a cluster of ionic bonds; they are the strongest compound, are separated in high temperatures, and can be separated by polar water molecules. A covalent compound is formed when two or more nonmetal atoms share valence electrons; covalent compounds are also categorized into two sections: polar covalent and nonpolar covalent. Furthermore, polar covalent compounds dissolve in water, while nonpolar covalent compounds do not. Dissolving is the process in which a solvent and a solute interact with each other and form a solution. Melting is a physical, or state, change of a solid to a liquid. Based on the provided information if a substance requires a high temperature to melt and dissolves in water, then it is an ionic compound; and if a substance requires a low temperature to melt and does not dissolve in water, then it is a covalent compound. I predict that salt will be an ionic compound, since it is soluble in water, and sugar and wax will be covalent compounds because they

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