Iran-Iraq War Analysis

2206 Words9 Pages
The reader will first be provided with a brief introduction that will discuss the events that led to the outbreak of the Iran-Iraq War, as well as some of the major events that took place during the war. Then, this essay will examine the main reasons for U.S. involvement in the war. First will be discussed the U.S. strategy in the Middle East prior to the outbreak of the war, before analyzing the Americans' most important strategic interests in the region that led not only to their involvement in the war, but also to their decision to choose Iraq's side.
Third, this essay will discuss the actual involvement of the U.S. in the Iran-Iraq War, by providing an analysis of U.S. policy decisions relating to the war, the military and financial
…show more content…
Abrahamian points out the similarities between the Iran-Iraq War and World War I, most notably due to the use of chemical weapons and the tactics of trench warfare (171). Both Iran and Iraq suffered major consequences from eight years of warfare: great damage had been done to their infrastructure, economies, societal structures and service industries (Donovan 39). "Eight years of bloody war, with hundreds of thousands of casualties on each side, ended with the two sides basically in the same position as they had been when the war had begun" (Gause…show more content…
had gradually emerged to replace Great Britain as the most influential great power in the Middle East (Pelletiere 7). Having gained a monopoly in the region's largest oil producer, Saudi Arabia, U.S. interests in the Gulf region expanded over the next decades (Pelletiere 7). Throughout the 1970's, America's so-called "twin pillar policy" sought to safeguard its interests in the region by supporting the military build-up of its two most important allies in the region: Iran and Saudi Arabia (Gause 296). Thus, when one of these crucial allies was suddenly removed from power, the U.S. faced a major strategic
Open Document