Throughout the years of American history there has been an abundance of groups that have decided to immigrate to the United States from other countries. The Irish people, Italian and Jewish groups of people departed from their country and moved to have their chance to experience the “American Dream.” These groups moved over and experienced a numerous amounts of stereotypes, discrimination, and finally assimilating into American culture.
Economic pressures, such as: growing rents, multiple crop failures, and added with the prospect of greater opportunity abroad, lead many Scotch-Irish to travel to the American colonies during the eighteenth century (Hess). Many Scotch-Irish joined the mass migrations to this New World in response to the Potato Famine of the 1840s. As many immigrants are known for, the Scotch-Irish faced intolerable conditions in their homeland. These conditions were economical as well as cultural, and so they escaped the punishing conditions by traveling to the land of the free, America. It is understandable then as to why
Out of the 7.6 million Europeans that arrived between 1900 and 1909, 72% came from Austria-Hungary, Russia, and Italy. Ellis Island in New York was the major port for immigrants crossing the Atlantic Ocean during 1892, and Angel Island in California for those arriving through the Pacific Ocean. Americans began to worry about the rapid expansion of immigrants, whose customs seemed strange to most of the native population. As a result, anti-immigrant movements and the uprising of nativism arose. Immigration reached its peak from 1900 to 1915 when nearly 15 million people entered the U.S; that is as many as in the previous forty years. Nearly 120,860 Caribbean immigrants arrived during 1919 where the majority was Filipinos. Immigration experienced
In 1845, Ireland was hit with a devastating blight that destroyed all of its potatoes and caused more than a million people to die of starvation and disease. The Irish Potato Famine, also known as The Great Famine, was a tragic time in Irish history, lasting from 1845 - 1849. Ireland’s poor was very dependant on potatoes, so the sudden death of the potatoes devastated Ireland’s population. Ireland got almost no help from Great Britain, so it had to help itself, but it did not have the resources to do so. The famine was caused by a combination of a population explosion, the tenant farmer system, Irish dependance on a single food source, the appearance of a terrible blight, British laws, and insufficient response of the British government. The
Irish Immigrants in America Before the outbreak of the dread Irish Potato Famine, the people of Ireland had been a relatively small demographic in America. The immigration of Irish males had increased in the 1820 's, due to an abundance of jobs created by the building of the Erie Canal and other canal, road, or railroad projects, but when the famine struck, entire families flocked in droves to the United States. “Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free," they heard our country call, and they came by the thousands, hoping to find, if nothing else, a decent existence. Between the years 1820 and 1930, an estimated 4.5 million Irish came to America.
Many Irish families then came to America for a better future, and to ensure that they will not get sick and die. Not only they came to America for the safety of their families, but also for better jobs and earn money. After the potato famine, many families starved to death or were helpless because
In 1850, only 5% of the American population was Catholic, they were the clear minority in the country. By 1906, 17% of the population in America was Catholic. In 1845 the Irish Potato Famine started, the lack of food caused many Irish to immigrate to America. With them, they brought their own culture and traditions, many of which were based on their faith, Catholicism. Many Americans were afraid that the influx of Catholics coming to the United States would grant the Pope more control over them.
In the time between 1877 and 1920 America saw another significant change to its landscape; this time in the make-up of its inhabitants. With industrialization immigrants increasingly came from Eastern and Southern European countries, Canada, Japan, and even Latin America. By 1910, some 70 percent of the immigrants entering the country were Southern and Eastern Europeans. In fact, in many cities the immigrated population outnumbered the native born citizens. Many states, especially those with meager populations, actively pursued immigrants by offering jobs or land for farming.
Semester Essay The Salem Witch Trials, by Laura Marvel covers the tragedy from the era of witchcraft.. To give a brief overview of the historical event would be tough. Although it was a huge event that happened, most have heard false accusations that did not actually happen. Taking place in Salem Massachusetts, over 200 people were accused of practicing witchcraft, also known as the Devil’s Magic!
Describe the “New Immigration”, and explain how it differed from the “Old Immigration” and why it aroused opposition from many Native-Born Americans. Antiforeignism was not a new concept in America in the 1880s. It had begun in the 1840s when the first large influx of immigrants emigrated to America, predominantly from Ireland and Germany. The American, or “Know Nothing”, political party was created specifically for the sake of excluding and barring the newcomers from equal opportunities, especially with the case of the Irish in the northeast. Fast forward forty years later and the Irish and the German have become common place amongst the native born Americans and the new wave of immigrants emerges.
The Irish immigrants were a large percentage of London in the nineteenth century and the greatest flow of their migration came in the early to mid-nineteenth century. This was due to the agricultural problems, the increase of demand for Irish labor in the Industrial revolution, and the bad conditions in Ireland due to the Great Famine (Clive). London was the largest city in the world and the Irish made up the largest immigrant group during this time. In 1841, the first census to record those living in the city was taken and 4% of the population was the Irish. They grew again in 1851 due to the Great Famine. Although the Irish colonized in many parts of the city, the first and largest Irish colony in London was St. Giles, modern day Holborn
In Rosalyn Schanzer’s Witches! The Absolutely True Tale of Disaster in Salem, there is a catastrophe in Salem, Massachusetts, in the 1690’s. There were accusations after accusations after accusations about witchcraft. Also, people weren’t satisfied with just accusing one person. In the end, 25 lives were lost.
The Scotch-Irish people were one of the numerous immigrants who looked for shelter and alleviation in America. The Scotch-Irish appeared in the mid-seventeenth century when the English government, on edge to dominate Ireland, removed Lowland Scots as pilgrims to the province of Ulster in northern Ireland. For around a century the Scotch-Irish squeezed out a living in Ireland, yet in the early piece of the eighteenth century their monetary condition endured a progression of grievous inversions. As a result, a flood of maybe five thousand Scotch-Irish moved to America in 1717. Before the end of the eighteenth century, four more influxes of Scotch-Irish withdrew Ireland for America and a few hundred thousand Ulstermen settled in about each area of the English provinces. Pleased, Presbyterian, and eager, the Scotch-Irish significantly influenced the districts they possessed. They were a beautiful gathering of individuals who made our national character.
Irish culture has always been something I have wanted to learn about. My great Grandfather was and Irish immigrant, but no traditions have been well enforced in my family. I would like to understand who I am and where I came from. On the other hand, I think it is extremely important to immerse ourselves in different cultures and to understand different views and different situations around the world. Learning the Irish culture would allow me to do this.
numerous jobs for those of varying skill sets and in a multitude of industries. Most Irish men found job security harder to come by, whereas Irish women found domestic servitude to be a preferable field of work to work in factories or sweat shops. Although most Irish Americans were not able to go, “from rags to riches,” as popularized in the stories of Horatio Alger, it was not impossible for the Irish to climb the socio-economic ladder as they were often able to over generations. In rarer cases, some Irish found great success such as William Grace, (the first elected Irish Catholic mayor of New York City in 1880 and 1884). It was not uncommon, however, for people of such a socio-economic position within the Irish community or even those of