Then, the pipet was rinsed with distilled water. The bulbs were then attached to the pipette; filling and dispensing water were practiced using both bulbs. Furthermore, the 250-mL beaker was weighed, and its mass was recorded. After that, the Erlenmeyer flask was filled with 100 mL of distilled water. The temperature was recorded.
After the loop cooled down, the loop was usedd to obtain a sample of the unknown mixture. This done by inserting the loop in the test tube of the unknown mixture. The loop was now ready to begin streaking; the plate was divided into four quadrants. Streaking was initiated into the first quadrant using a side-to-side swipe method. After streaking into the first quadrant, place the loop through the flame for 3-5second in order to reduce the amount of bacteria
Purpose The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the stoichiometric relationship between the testing agents and to identify the products formed. The relationship was found by completing three acid and base neutralization reactions using phosphoric acid, which is a triprotic acid, with different volumes of sodium hydroxide. Introduction Procedure Phosphoric acid solution with a volume of 1.00 mL and a molarity of 6.00 M was transferred into a 125-mL Erlenmeyer flask using a volumetric pipette. Sodium hydroxide solution with a volume of 6.00 mL and a molarity of 3.00 M was transferred into a 50 mL beaker using a volumetric pipette. While swirling the phosphoric acid solution in the Erlenmeyer flask, the sodium hydroxide solution was added to it a few drops at a time using a disposable plastic pipette.
The purpose of this experiment was to perform a Wittig reaction using two different methods: In method I, 250 mg aldehyde was mixed with 785 mg phosphonium salt in 5 M NaOH solvent. This mixture was stirred for thirty minutes and filter by vacuum filtration for the product. In method 2, 250 mg of aldehyde, 785 mg, benzyltriphenylphosphonium chloride, and 380 mg potassium phosphate tribasic were homogenize with a pestle and mortar. Vacuum filtration was also used in this method to attain the product. The products in both methods were used for recrystallization and TLC.
Two chemical reactions are carried by adding sodium hydroxide to the acidic solution from Part I. During the first reaction is the neutralization of the excess of nitric acid in the mixture by sodium hydroxide. The second reaction takes the place after naturalization is a complete and NaOH is in excess. While the liquid inside the beaker is being stirred, with the stirring rod, 10 ml of 6 M NaOH is poured into the solution from Part I at 1 mL at a time. After each 1 mL the solution is tested for acidity with red litmus paper.
Gather materials (beaker, 100 milliliters of copper chloride, graduated cylinder, funnel, 2 centimeter by 15 centimeter aluminum foil strip, goggles, gloves, apron, hydrochloric acid, and a spoon to push down the aluminum foil so that it doesn’t rise up and drip copper chloride down the side) 2. Pour 100 milliliters of copper chloride into the graduated cylinder to measure it 3. Pour the copper chloride into the beaker or leave it in the graduated cylinder (whichever you want to conduct the experiment in) 4. Fold the tin foil in half the long way so that you have 1 centimeter by 15 centimeter strip of aluminum foil 5. Curl it into a coil/spring 6.
Next 15M NH4OH “ammonium hydroxide” (4mL) was added to the volumetric flask. Then the flask was filled the rest of the way with distilled water to the mark. Similar steps were taken for the rock solution. The rock solution from the prior lab was filtered into a volumetric flask (100mL), then 15 M NH4¬OH (8mL) was added to the flask. After that, the flask was filled to the mark with distilled water.
The Flame Test was also used to identify unknown metallic ions based on the color of the flames produced. In this lab, Petri dishes each containing a different metal ion were doused in ethanol and lighted using a lighter. The metal salts each burned a different color in the fire based on the identity of the ion. By placing atoms of a metal into a flame, electrons in an atom can absorb energy from
Physical Means was the first method we used to separate parts of Sludge. Physical Means means that you are taking something out (most likely a insoluble solid which is what we did) either with a tool or with your hands. We had four insoluble solids in our mixture and we used our fingers to remove each of them Distillation After we got the insoluble solids out by using Physical Means, we then used distillation to get the soluble solid out of the mixture. Distillation is a separation technique used to separate a soluble solid from a liquid and the liquid being kept. To do this, put 10-15 mL of solution in a test tube and secure it to the stand.
PREPARING THE SOLUTIONS: First the sodium hydroxide solution needs to be prepared for the experiment. 250 ml of 0.1 M NaOH solution needs to be prepared from the solid pellets of sodium hydroxide. This solution was prepared in a 250-mL volumetric flask using distilled water. The solution was made using the following method: i. The volumetric flask was approximately filled 75% full with distilled water through the funnel.
The dried roots of Inula racemosa were pulverized and sieved with 100 ~ 200 mesh. The herb powder was placed into a glass bottle. Ultrasound-assisted extraction was carried out in an ultrasonic cleaner RK102H (Bandelin sonorex, Germany). The powder of Inula racemosa was extracted three times under the following conditions: the ratio of material to solvent was 10:1, undergoing ultrasonic treatment 30 minutes at 25 °C, 100 kHz /450 W.31 Before large extraction, a small-scale extraction experiments were carried out: 95% ethanol and ethyl acetate as the extractive solutions was investigated, respectively. The extraction efficiency was evaluated according to the percent content of AL and IS contained in the dried roots of Inula racemosa and calculated