As another risk factor, too much of the thyroid hormone also can cause bone loss. Dietary factors also play a key role in risks of osteoporosis. Low calcium intake, eating disorders, and gastrointestinal surgery all increase the risk for developing osteoporosis. People who live a sedentary lifestyle, drink alcohol excessively, and use tobacco frequently also have a higher risk of osteoporosis. The main complication of this disease are bone fractures usually in the spine or the hip and are often caused by a simple fall which could lead to a serious disability.
The classification is based on the size of the red blood cell. Iron deficiency anemia is the most common cause of microcytic anemia. There are many different causes of this type of anemia such as gastrointestinal bleeding, bleeding from menstrual cycle in women, peptic ulcer disease in older men, and colon cancer in elderly people (Johnson-Wimbley, & Graham, 2011). By understanding the idea and mechanism of what this anemia is about will give a better understanding into how to diagnose this disease. There are certain type of people who obtain this disease such as women being the most common and children.
A patient is treated depending on its cause. For alkalosis caused by hyperventilation, breathing into a paper bag allows you to keep more carbon dioxide in your body, which improves the alkalosis. If your oxygen level is low, you may receive oxygen. Medicines may be needed to correct chemical loss such as chloride and potassium (Respiratory alkalosis, 2014) Because of their delicate fluid and electrolyte status the elderly are at risk for metabolic
In addition, individuals with diabetes are at an increased risk of developing conjunctival bacterial infections. Tear Film Tear film abnormalities are frequent in persons with diabetes, leading to an increased incidence of dry eye. The presence of an abnormal tear film may contribute to discomfort and to an increased risk of ocular surface epithelial defects. Longstanding diabetes may also damage the mircrovascular supply to the lacrimal gland, impairing lacrimation. Cornea Corneal wound healing The cornea of a person with diabetes is more susceptible to injury and slow healing after injury than the cornea of a person without diabetes.
To change the world we need to combat obesity! Being that obesity is the 5th leading cause of deaths worldwide it has become a major issue (EASO, n.d.). Obesity is no longer just in the high income countries we associate it with, it’s now prevalent in middle and low income countries as well. This is cause for concern because now 65% of the world’s population lives in a country where more people die from being overweight or obese instead of being underweight. Death is an extreme when it comes to obesity, but still likely, and it’s mostly seen in the elderly.
The main nutrient deficiencies KP is linked to is Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin D and Essential Fatty Acids (EFA’s). We will go more in details about this Keratosis Pilaris in the next section (Kinai 2014). Also, gluten intolerance has been closely associated with the causation and worsening of KP. The reasons being that a gluten intolerance often damages in the intestinal tract and results in an inflammatory condition, as well as the malabsorption of nutrients, especially fats (Mercola 2011). It is shown that a deficiency in healthy fat can impede important body functions and processes, which can lead to KP.
Iron deficiency anaemia occurs at all age of the life cycle, but is more prevalent in pregnant women and young children. Adolescent’s girls are specifically vulnerable to iron deficiency. The highest prevalence is between the ages of 12-15 years when demand are at a peak. In South-East Asia Region, except Thailand, more than 25% of adolescent girls are reported to be anaemic; in few countries the prevalence is as high as 50%.The World Health Report (2002) stated iron deficiency anaemia was one of the 10 most serious risks in countries with high infant mortality accompanied by high adult mortality and reported that measures to address iron deficiency anaemia are the most cost effective public health
Moreover, skin whitening creams contain steroids which can block the pores and lead to the growth of new acne or pimples. Also, one of the more serious risks of continuous use of skin whitening creams is Mercury Poison. According to the WHO, mercury poisoning can cause Kidney damage, Skin rashes, Skin discoloration and scarring, Reduction in skin's resistance to bacterial and fungal infections, Anxiety, depression or psychosis and peripheral neuropathy (damage of peripheral nerves), and Nephrotic syndrome (a condition marked by high levels of protein in urine) (Tabod,
Malaria is one of the most harsh health issues and is the leading cause of death and disease in many developing countries (CDC). A major factor is the death rate in recent years. According to World Health Organization, Malaria deaths reached 445 000 in 2016 out of a total of 216 million cases of in 91 different countries around the world. 216 million is an increase of 5 million cases over the timespan of one year in 2015, where there were 211 million cases. These numbers and statistics demonstrate how severe and detrimental this problem truly is.
Mixed results on the impact of race appear to stem from socioeconomic and demographic confounding(Fisher-Owens et al. 2007). Early childhood experience affects subsequent well-being, coping skills, and competence and in turn influence health outcome. Receipt of dental health services to maintain and promote dental health(Fisher-Owens et al.
Wilson’s disease is an autosomal recessive disorder in which there is a copper build-up in the body, and can be fatal unless diagnosed and treated early. Treatment options include zinc therapy, chelator therapy and in some cases, liver transplant. The body uses copper as a key role in maintaining healthy development. Copper is beneficial
Anabolic-androgenic steroids can cause a condition called proteinuria, in which abnormally high levels of protein are excreted in the urine. Proteinuria is directly related to a decrease in kidney function (Schieszer, 2010). In addition to these side effects, anabolic-androgenic steroids may hindering the immune system, putting abusers at risk for infections. Injection of anabolic-androgen steroids also put people at risk of contracting hepatitis and HIV (Kersey et al.,
Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death in Australia and also the world, it affects 1.4 million Australians a year. In 2013 13% of all deaths were caused by coronary heart disease. In 2012 7.4 million people died as a result of heart disease. Heart disease is the build up of plaque (fat deposit on the inner walls of the arteries) in the coronary arteries that supply O2 rich blood to the heart muscle, the build up of plaque is called atherosclerosis. Over time passes plaques may harden consequently restricting blood flow or completely blocking the artery.
The most significant risk factor is premature birth, particularly prior to 32 weeks. Low birth weight, below 1500 grams, is also a significant risk factor for periventricular leukomalacia. It is believed that this is due to the immaturity of the cerebral vasculature; until the brain is fully developed, it is more susceptible to injury. Maternal infection during pregnancy can also increase the risk that periventricular leukomalacia. Insults to the brain as a result of infection can lead to injury of the cerebral white matter.
In any case, now we should investigate the larger picture, which is that in ten years that is a total gain of thirty pounds. This weight gain can lead to type two diabetes which is associated with being overweight and numerous health issues emerge, for example, heart attack, stroke and kidney disease just to name a few. There are so many negative side consequences for obesity and essentially, we need to commit to fighting this epidemic. I must say it is disturbing that this is the first generation of children that will live a shorter life than their parents will. I think one serious issue is that food quality has decreased in a major way because corporations want to maximize profit.