Thesis: In these stories, “Lamb to the Slaughter” by Dahl, “A Jury of her Peers” by Susan Glaspell, the wives kill their husbands, and both the husbands are at fault, which caused their murders; There are many differences, but also many similarities. Although there are many, the reader, will see two comparisons between “Lamb to the Slaughter,” and “A Jury of her Peers”. First, in both stories the killers had help clearing the evidence away from the cops. Eerily enough, in “Lamb to the Slaughter,” the wife, Mary, had unintentional help finishing off her evidence. The murder weapon happened to be the leg of a lamb, and Mary offered up some lamb for the cops, as a sign of thanks for all their hard work, looking for her late husband.
In Kurt Vonnegut’s novel, Slaughterhouse-Five, the use of an analogy, diction, and irony contribute to the anti-war portrait of Billy Pilgrim by illuminating that society’s futile and cataclysmic war efforts cause more damage than results, making war utterly useless in the grand scheme of life. One occurrence of the anti-war message Vonnegut creates in his novel is expressed when Vonnegut writes, regarding Billy Pilgrim, “He is in a constant state of stage fright, he says, because he never knows what part of his life he is going to have to act in next.” (23). This analogy to a stage play continues throughout the novel and has a strong anti-war message within it. Vonnegut constantly ties plays to Billy to demonstrate that war is romanticized
In Ronald Dahl's short story “Lamb to the Slaughter,” situational irony and dramatic irony create suspense in the story. Mary, a stay at home wife happily awaits for her husband to return every single day, but this day was different. Her husband returns home and claims he is unhappy in their marriage and is leaving her. In the short story the author writes, “She carried it upstairs, holding the thin bone-end of it with both her hands, and as she went through the living room, she saw him standing… At that point, Mary Maloney simply walked up behind him and without any pause she swung the big frozen leg of lamb” (Dahl 136-138.).
The one time I noticed irony being used was when Sam gave his statement to the police. On page six of “Lamb to the Slaughter,” it says, “...she heard a few of the whispered phrases-- ‘acted quite normal… very cheerful… wanted to give him a good supper… peas… cheesecake… impossible that she…’” This is very ironic as Sam has made it clear that he does not believe she killed her husband, even going as far as saying it was impossible for her to do so, when she in fact did. This situation relates to Repplier’s quote as Sam’s response makes the reader realize how Mary is not going to get caught as the murderer without explicitly stating so. Another time irony was used was when the police officers conversed while they ate the lamb leg Mary had prepared.
In Roald Dahl’s riveting short story “Lamb to the Slaughter” dramatic irony is used to build tension. Dramatic irony is defined as a literary device where the reader knows more about a situation than the characters in the story. The main character Ms. Maloney, a devoted and tender wife, suddenly turns into a reckless murderer as her husband tells her he wants to leave. Throughout the narrative a prominent example of dramatic irony is when the policemen eat the leg of lamb. " ‘That's why the weapon should be easy to find.’
Storytelling has been the epitome of human expression for thousands of years. Along with musicians and artists, talented storytellers use their work to share ideas with others, often in an effort to evoke emotion or to persuade people to think similarly. Every element in a story is carefully crafted by the author in order to communicate a desired message to his or her audience. In Slaughterhouse-Five, Kurt Vonnegut incorporates irony into the story to express his belief that fighting wars is illogical.
Verbal irony involves a character saying one thing, and meaning another. Situational irony consists of what is expected to happen, and what actually happens. Three types of irony found in Edgar Allan Poe’s, “The Cask of Amontillado”, are dramatic, verbal, and situational irony. A good example of dramatic irony occurs when Montresor explains to Fortunato that he is also a mason. Then, Fortunato asks for a sign.
Edgar Allan Poe creates horror and suspense in his use of irony -including verbal irony, situational irony, and dramatic irony-in his short story “ The Tell-Tale Heart”. Verbal irony is when something that is said means the opposite of what is meant. Poe uses verbal irony when he states, “ I loved the old man.” Situational irony is similar. It is defined as when what happens is different from or even the opposite of what we expected.
Planning with Cowardice In the book “Lamb To The Slaughter,” written by Roald Dahl, was a really cliffhanger story. During the story Mary’s husband decides he wants to leave Mary after she’s already six months pregnant with her husband. Something tweaks in her head and ends his life with a leg of lamb, that she was going to cook for dinner.
Ambiguity is the characteristic of a word, phrase, or book that can be understood in multiple ways. Henry James, during the middle part of his career, incorporated this type of vagueness into his writing. One of James's most debatable use of ambiguity was a ghost story. In the novella The Turn of the Screw, Henry James uses conflict, perspective, and ambiguity to create a mystery, with his own twist, for the reader to solve and leave them guessing. James, through conflicts involving the children and possible ghosts, limited point of view, and the overall ambiguity, forces the reader to solve mysteries throughout the book without giving the answers at the end.
In “Lamb to the Slaughter,” Roald Dahl uses irony to highlight major points. Irony contradicts what is said and what actually happens. For example, dramatic irony is present when a detective in the story states, “‘It’s probably right under our noses. What do you think, Jack?’” (Dahl).
Another example of irony in this text is dramatic irony. The reader knows that the narrator is planning to kill the man very soon, while the man has no clue that he is about to be killed, and he is just sleeping. “To think that there I was, opening the door, little by little, and he not even to dream of my secret deeds or thoughts.” The readers know that the narrator is stalking the old man, while the old man is just sleeping. Suspense is created since the reader does not know what the old man will do, whether he will be killed, or whether he will notice the
Lamb to the Slaughter is an action packed short story about a wife who is let down by her husband and proceeds to kill him as an act of revenge. Obviously much more happens in this story consisting of humour, action, mystery and irony. Roald Dahl is a master of writing short stories in ways that attract readers, draw them into what is happening through using literary elements and universal themes to make the story relatable to the readers. In this story the main literary elements were foreshadowing, situation and dramatic irony, imagery and symbolism which really drew me in and kept me attached to the story. Literary elements are what make a story powerful and attracts readers to continue reading in the story and in this story they highlight the universal theme of Revenge and Betrayal.
In the short story, “The Open Window”, author Saki (H.H. Munro) uses multiple types of irony to elaborate the sense of the mood to readers. Saki uses dramatic irony, verbal irony, and situational irony to show the differences between the characters’ mindsets and personalities. Using different types of irony in stories makes one able to better understand multiple viewpoints of the characters. Dramatic irony is when the reader comprehends what is going on in the story or knows something the characters do not. An example of dramatic irony is shown in context where Mrs. Sappleton waits for her family to come home.
The story the Pigman is about to highschoolers named John and Lorraine who befriended the Pigman after playing a joke on him. They had pretended to be charity workers and convinced him to donate $10. They continued going to his house when they could and eventually became good friends. Once they had started going over regularly they would go out to places like stores, zoos, and lots of other places. By the time they had become really good friends they had forgotten to tell Mr Pignati that they were just high schoolers and not charity workers.