People are often averse to the truth. Plato wrote “The Apology” in order illuminate the hostility towards real truth because he believed he had an obligation to reveal how easily thought could be manipulated. Plato documents Socrates’s final address to the jury before he is due for execution. Socrates had been accused of using such embellished language throughout his explanations that he had caused a severe confusion to the people and then an eventual embarrassment; thus, allowing the people to reject what Socrates had been trying to preach. This creates a dismissal of Socrates’ ideas throughout the people and generates an even greater divide of thought.
The claim attributed to him by Plato that "an unexamined life is not worth living"… he inspired his followers to think for themselves instead of following the dictates of society and the accepted superstitions concerning the gods" (Mark 1). Do to Socrates' carefree lifestyle of no conformity, he was often accused of breaking laws and customs. Similarly, The Apology and Crito, speaks of Socrates experience with these accusations and how he believes persuasion is the most effective means of protest. The Apology is a dialogue written by Plato in 399 BC. The Apology features a speech presented by Socrates during his trial with the government.
New accusers say that Socrates corrupts the youth and does not believe in the gods of the State, and has new divinities of his own. To defend himself against these charges, Socrates asks Meletus some questions. As a result, Meletus is shown to be contradicting himself and making accusations that are absolutely absurd. To the question “Who are the improvers of the youth?” Meletus replies that they are all citizens, but not Socrates, arguing that he is only one who is corrupting them. At the same time, he recognizes that no one would intentionally make the people worse because he is obliged to live among them.
Creon was proud in the cause Eteocles was fighting for, however he despised that Polyneices fought against it. So he made a law that Polyneices could not receive his rightful burial as Greek law stated. Antigone would not accept this law, as she was proud of her brother, even though it damaged Creon’s pride. So Creon ordered her execution. Due to this showing of pride that abandons reason, Creon’s son killed himself.
This was a real cause for people to associate Socrates with being a sophist and perpetuated people to falsely believe that Socrates was actually a sophist who questioned and corrupted the minds of the youth. The unfair association of Socrates being a sophist thereby led to his trial because people were afraid of his methods of questioning because it would cause the youth to lose confidence in the political system of Athens. Socrates, however, defends himself against Meletus, one of his accusers, in ‘The apology’ saying that he was not a sophist: ”if you had heard anyone say that I try to educate people and charge a fee, there is no truth in that” (19E). He did not charge people, but due to old rumours and the play ‘Clouds’ it had led to his conviction because his ways of questioning the Athenian polis was a threat not only to the aristocratic ruling party’s power and status but also a threat to the social stability of Athens both at that time and possibly even in future. This is summed up by Protagoras, an Ancient Greek philosopher, who examines that “It would be wrong to use violence to try to overthrow the laws but a wise sophist might by skilful argument persuade a city to change its
Finally, when he returned his homeland Ithaca and disguised as a beggar because he can fight alone, so he has to know which people’s hearts still loyal to him. I think it’s the main lie that this book. Also, in my opinion,even though it was lying, it wasn’t a bad thing because the only one way he entered his hall and beat up the suitors. Also, the gods help him to do this thing. In the book of the Odyssey, Odysseus’s lied at times and I think they all were an important part of this book.
Antony 's speech is contrary to Brutus 's because he deals with the peoples emotions during his entire speech. He says that the thing that killed Caesar was not that he got stabbed but it was because his heart blew up when he seen that his best friend Brutus betrayed him and killed him. Antony talked about how Brutus said that Caesar was very ambitious yet Antony offered him a crown 3 times yet every time he turned it down. Caesar had a lot of integrity. That behavior didn’t seem very ambitious.
Writing received a lot of criticism, especially from Socrates, a Greek philosopher. According to Socrates writing was mnemonic and not interactive. Socrates claims “the ultimate effect of writing will be to weaken memory, not strengthen it” (842). According to Baron “we remember this because Plato wrote it down” (842). Socrates views are very disputable since he claims that writing will weaken the memory, yet we know about him because his student Plato wrote it down.
The people who are uneducated and low in the social class follow whoever provides them with what is needed. The fact that they are so gullible and have bias commentary intensifies the speeches of Marcus Brutus and Marc Antony. Through Brutus’s speech the people want to “bring him to his house/ with shouts and clamours (Shakespeare 3.2.56-57)” because they believe he saved Rome from Caesar 's wretched ambition. But as the plot continues, Antony is able to direct them towards his opinion with the help of Caesar 's body and the will. Minutes after praising Brutus for their savior they want to “ burn the house of Brutus (3.2.245)” for his wrong doings.
Ye gods! It doth amaze me A man of such a feeble temper should So get the start of the majestic world And bear the palm alone. (1.2.128-131) Caesar could also be seen as villain and had to be killed in order to keep Rome and the republic safe. He was considered a villain because he took down the republic. Even though many people disliked Caesar and his ways, many people were also fond of Caesar such as Brutus who was still apart of the conspiracy.
Brutus appears to be the most complicated character. He supports the republic and system of government guided by the votes of the senators. He does not, however, support dictatorship “What’s means this shouting? I do fear the people choose Caesar for their king (I, I) Brutus’ gullibility is ironically one of his purest character traits yet a fatal flaw. Another tragic flaw of his is that he had a lust for power, and because of this Brutus meets his death at the end of this play.