1, 2 Growing up in India, I was surrounded by a juxtaposition numerous elements of architectural style that inspired me and brought me onto the path of studying and designing architecture. India once boasted of a developed ancient architecture, while its modern architecture loses the characteristics of its indigenous culture. I hope to form a sort of architectural design conception with characteristics of India's traditional culture after extensively absorbing modern architectural theories and technologies. The economic situation is unstable, but there are still many ways of applying design to achieve practical needs. 3, 4, 5 My memory loops back to the anxiety and thrill of a review, to defend your design process at the risk of bad reception
'We want to create the purely organic building, boldly emanating its inner laws, free of untruths or ornamentation. ' Walter Gropius Modernism design came in many forms from door handles to influential architectural feats. The Machine age made artists think differently and influence design today. In the following essay, I will analysis the work of Walter Gropius, an early modern German architect and how his designs had an impact on an improving society and his moral ideas. I will also discuss whether Modernist ideas and principles may still be relevant to contemporary design through the work of Gropius.
Particularly the casual type which is dominant to creativity. Architecture, then, has abundance in potentialities in the way of fostering a culture of creativity. Accentuating the creativity role in design even more than other disciplines pay one to promote the understanding of creativity as a key role player in architecture (Hakak, Biloria and Venhari 2014). Moreover, creativity is widely considered to be a cornerstone of architecture, and most if not all university programs refer to it as a desirable graduate attribute or intended learning outcome (Williams, Ostwald & Askland, 2012) However, it remains a contentious and ill-defined concept, with a long history of propositions and contestations. (Jones, Rodgers and Nicholl 2013).
The Composite style was used in building the Baths of Diocletian in Rome (Cartwright). According to the fact that this specific style is developed with taking into account the accurate harmonic proportions and aesthetic decorations, it has greatly influenced the other styles of architecture, being actively used for designing the public buildings. The examples are the Neo-classical capitals and columns of Pantheon de Paris and Grand Theater in Paris. Additionally, the Romans absorbed the most important techniques from Etruscans, combining them with the Greek architectural styles. For instance, the Roman architects actively used arches and vaults, providing complex architectural structures.
Yet the Chrysler Building holds some amount of prestige - for to this day it is the tallest brick building supported by an internal steel skeleton structure. Paul Greenhalgh’s Theoretical Features The Chrysler Building can be analysed according to Paul Greenhalgh’s theoretical features of the early modern movement, also known as the Pioneer Phase. These features are as follows: decompartimentalisation; social morality; truth; the total work of art; technology; function; progress; anti-historicism; abstraction; internationalism/ universality; transformation and theology. (Lees-Maffei and Houze, 2010) Some of these theoretical features are applicable to the Chrysler Building while others are contradicted by it. The use of ornamentation on the Chrysler Building - such as the gargoyles and eagles depicted as part of the portrayal of the Machine Age - opposes Greenhalgh’s theoretical feature of truth and
Roman Architecture is essentially a dialogue between the older, traditional rectilinear forms of the Greek civilization and the early Italic post-and-lintel traditions. However, Concrete allowed the Romans to construct vast spanning vaults, domes and arches, which would often remain standing more than 2000 years later. The Romans incorporated many architectural concepts from earlier civilizations, such as the Etruscans, the Egyptians and the Greek, into their buildings. However, these previous civilizations never tried to roof spaces as wide or as high as the Romans did. Although the best attempts of these early civilizations looked wonderful from the exterior, the interiors depended on a forest of supporting columns, something that Roman buildings didn’t necessarily have to depend
This is apparent as even modern definitions of interior design state that its elements are in fact closely related to architecture. Experienced interior designers and architects both employ scientific as well as artistic skills to qualify in creating or designing spaces that solve problems or meet the requirements of building owners and that is done through spatial design and planning. The spaces created should be pleasingly structured, safe and functional. Generally speaking, Architects and interior designers creative and artistic individuals who usually have cross-over skills, namely space-planning, are up-to-date with a state’s building codes and regulations and closely examine materials, finishes, furnishings and cabinetry to make sure they are the right fit for the client and for the home itself. At times the job of architects overlaps with that of interior designers as they both select the tile, flooring and lighting and design the look/style of a home’s interiors.
The Romans methods are still used today to make lots of buildings and houses and will be used for centuries to come. The Romans were great architects compared to other nations back in their time. They mainly copied greek designs of building, materials, and techniques when they first started out and they slowly refined their own techniques, materials, and building designs. When the Romans first started out long before concrete made its appearance on the building scene in Rome the Romans utilized a volcanic stone native to Italy called tufa to construct their buildings (Hays). Although tufa never went out of use travertine began to be utilized in the late
Structural engineers prepare design for the structural (load carrying) elements based on the architects design (Ukpata 2010). According to Waldigit (2013), the structural content of both sub-structure and super-structure of any building must be capable of bearing and sustaining both the dead weight and imposed weight of the building; the material composition of the building must be able to last to the end of the life span of such building. The structural engineer designs are based on codes which varies with countries and regions of the world. Though with different codes, structural engineers worldwide still work on basic principles (Famepyramids 2013). During project execution stage, structural engineers according to Bamisile (2004) should be concerned with the monitoring, and ensuring that the design performance criteria are met in the construction methods and materials.
It focused to improvise performance process. Nowadays, lean is used in most of industry to make continual improvement and eliminate waste. We also can focused on understanding and eliminating process by stabilizing the workload, works performed can be standardized, help to solve and identify daily problems, attract everyone in the improvement process, appreciate a common way in performing works and focus on system effectiveness than functional efficiency in industry. 1.1.2 What is Lean Construction For the last 25 years, Lean Construction was developed by Lauri Koskela from his report in 1992. Koskela wanted the academics and professional to challenge themselves to came up with new philosophy because Koskela found an obsolete conceptual and intellectual basis in that area.