Destany Tange HRS 119 Classical Mythology The Odyssey The Odyssey is Homer 's epic of Odysseus ' decade long struggle to return home after the Trojan War. While this epic is full of magic, dread goddess, gods and mystical creatures it is also a story of the human condition. A story of “Homecoming”, an allegory of the hardships that a warrior faces when coming home after years of war. Through this epic Odysseus must shed his warrior mentality and re-establish his domestic mindset. It is only through his figurative death, gestation, and rebirth is he able successfully return home.
He battles and outsmarts a host of fiends including Polyphemus, the sirens, Scylla and Charybdis (twice), and even the underworld itself. He needs to escape the captivity of Calypso to make it home to his family. He must reassure his men to keep their morals high and get them to press on with him. Homer details this theme with Odysseus preparing his men for yet another trial, “Friends, we’re hardly strangers at meeting danger- and this danger is no worse than what we faced when cyclopes penned us up in his vaulted cave with
In Homer’s The Iliad, epic hero Achilles serves as an example of how rage, when unchecked, leads to disastrous repercussions. Achilles, though nearly superhuman in his physical abilities, struggles repeatedly to contain his anger. Throughout The Iliad, as Achilles’ fury compounds, the consequences of his actions become catastrophic, eventually leading to the death of his best friend, Patroclus. Although Achilles ultimately chooses to avenge Patroclus’ death and achieve his own kleos, or honor, his rage-driven actions lead to the death of many Achaean soldiers, and change the course of his fate. Agamemnon’s taking of Briseis enrages Achilles and spurs him to remove himself from the war, leading to a massive death toll in the Achaean forces.
Even though Odysseus is quite the leader, sometimes he needs help from his female peers in order to overcome a threatened homelife and the long journey home. Athena and Circe guide and fight for not only Odysseus' life but also his happiness. Athena helps Odysseus find his son, with whom he kills the suitors and reestablishes his place as king of Ithaca. Circe is Odysseus' secret weapon in the fact that she tells him about the merciless miscreant that he will encounter on his expedition like the sirens, Scylla and Charybdis. Athena and Circe are two of the many people in the Odyssey that make it possible for Odysseus to return to Ithaca.
“The Hero doesn’t Get the Reward; the Hero Pays the Price” (anon). One of the heroes who paid the dear price was Odysseus, a hero who fought in The Trojan War. Odysseus was the man who came up with the plan to build the wooden horse, ending the rigorous fight with it. Odysseus was going back home after earning the victory for his country, which he was king of one of the kingdoms -Ithaca-. But Odysseus faced trials that constrained him ten years late to arrive home.
In Book 3, Hector spurs Paris by taunting and insulting him, calling him a “curse to [his] father, [his] city, and all of [his] people” for his lack of courage and perseverance (3.58). This prompts Paris to present the idea of a duel against Menelaus, in which they will “fight it out for Helen and all her wealth” (3.86). Other times, this fighting spirit is regained through leaders’ compliments and encouragement. Before the war begins again after the duel between Menelaus and Paris, Agamemnon was “quick to salute [Idomeneus] and sing his praises” (4.292). He urges Idomeneus to “be that fighter you claimed to be in all the years gone by,” which spurs Idomeneus to “cut down Phaestus” (5.48).
I shall confront the dark dear spirit of death at any hour Zeus and the other gods may wish to make an end (Q 65-68). Here, Achilles shows fearlessness and audacity in his acceptance of death. However, he accepted his fate, to avenge the killer of his friend Patroclus. How these two character faces their fate, can be considered heroic. Accepting fate is very hard and cannot be done without a strong heart.
Thomas Harris, an American writer of suspense, said: “Nothing makes us more vulnerable than loneliness, except greed.” He is best known for a series of novels about his character, Hannibal Lecter. Even though the two authors Harris and Homer both come from different time periods, Harris being modern and Homer not, the shared human experience connects them. Odysseus and Achilles are so distracted by greed and fame that they are willing to risk everything for it such as Odysseus’s life and the life of his crew, and Achilles dying in Troy. In the movie “Troy”, the main character Achilles travels to Troy with the rest of the Greek army to fight to gain control of Troy and meets many challenges throughout the battle. In “The Odyssey” written by
He gave Polyphemus liquor, making him drunk, and shoved a massive makeshift spear into his the cyclops’ only eye. Polyphemus immediately moved the stone, but then blocked the entrance with his body, but Odysseus and his men snuck out under the wooly bodies of sheep. As they were sailing away, Odysseus yelled at the Cyclops, who hurled a rock at them, but did not stop them from escaping. Obstacles as Universal Themes: 1.Pride and Honor The theme of pride and honor is apparent in the story of Polyphemus when Odysseus yells at the cyclops, taunting him, as he sails away. Odysseus does this because he is prideful and haughty and wants Polyphemus to know who Odysseus was and that Odysseus defeated him.