I have always just accepted that whatever God commands is the morally right action and have never really thought about the arguments against it. After realizing that there are so many arguments against it, this has led me to disagree with the Divine Command Theory. Because there are a vast variety of religions in this world, there are multiple different God or gods that people believe in. Just because I have a set religion and God that I believe in does not mean that someone else’s view is wrong. Also, how can we know for sure what God’s commands are?
We are told that we are born with basic rights and that we have the freedom to believe in whatever we desire, however, the chains that bind us are morality and justice. People’s opinion of us stops us from having complete freedom. A person with strong morality would feel guilty if they were given the choice to commit an injustice against another, and thus decide not to do so in the first place, even if they are given the opportunity to do what they want with no harm done to the other person. In Plato’s Crito, Socrates only cares about truth, therefore, for him to escape prison would be considered an injustice. He will be breaking the law, confirming his accuser’s statements about him being a criminal despite the fact that their claims are untrue.
A national security for one’s nation is important, though, each person’s right with one’s consideration is also important too. So, objecting military service due to conscientious reasons is recognized by others. Conscientious objecting is one’s decision with right and consideration Your conscience is the part of your mind that tells you whether what you are doing is right or wrong. If you have a guilty conscience, you feel guilty about something because you know it was wrong. If you have a clear conscience, you do not feel guilty because you know you have done nothing wrong.
Utilitarianism only considers one normative factor, the maximization of overall happiness, consequently, it often conflicts with our common-sense morality and permits immoral actions as well as great individual deviation from social norms. For instance, utilitarianism permits immoral practices such as sadism by implying that sadistic acts are the right acts to perform if the sadist derives more pleasure from this practice than their victims derive pain. This is because they would be maximizing the overall amount of happiness/well-being. This belief conflicts with the existing moral intuitions of many who believe that the torturing of innocent people for pleasure is by no means acceptable, let alone the right action to perform. An example that demonstrates instances where utilitarianism can give us the morally wrong answer as to which act we ought to perform, involves a surgeon who is faced with the decision of killing one healthy patient, harvesting their organs and transplanting them into five patients who are dying in order to save their lives or doing nothing and allowing the five sick patients to die.
(Darwall 's Philosophical Ethics p. 44). 3) God is superior to us, therefore we should follow God 's command. The problem with this answer is the same as that in the previous question, namely that the fact that we should follow the commands of our superiors appears to be a norm that exists outside of God 's command. (Darwall 's Philosophical Ethics p. 45). All these answers can be taken to have the genralized form “God is/has X, therefore we should follow his command”, where X is a particular quality, however, all these answers also lead to the conclusion that “We should follow the command of anything that is/has X”, which implies a norm that exists independent of God
People should not fit others into a category, and those people should not be okay with it. Being unique is good, and if people are unique, then they are being who they are. That is not a bad thing; it is a good thing. The story of Tris’s journey through the Dauntless initiation is a good example for young people, especially people who can be impressionable, to be who you are, no matter what other people think and almost no matter what the risks could be. Tris was able to stay true to herself while still managing through Dauntless initiation.
Evidence reveals that human nature can be cruel and unforgiving. Unfortunately genocides still continue to happen today because there are still fascist people in the world who feel superior to other ethnic groups. Events like this teach us that equality is important and that fitting in is not more important than doing the right thing. Future genocides can simply be avoided by awareness. If we keep watch of what is going on in other countries, we can send help to suffering countries who are facing discrimination and stop genocides from getting out of hand.
Modern society uses morals to fuel the decisions of daily life. These moral standards set society apart from the uncivilized creatures of the past. Yet the people of the modern day think if a moral does not directly “hurt” another individual, it’s not imperative for them to fallow. Due to this lack of compliance schools set up honor codes, protecting individuals who are targets of these heinous acts, and punishing the offenders. Without an honor code in place, a school cannot take justice for the individuals at fault.
My worldview is based off of strong morals and beliefs, but also an understanding of difference. I believe that you should stand up for yourself and protect your way of life but at the same time realize that difference is what makes the world spin. I couldn’t have asked for a better family than the one I have today. Sure they are hard on me, sure they may yell or get mad, but in the end they can see the future better than I can. Although, being able see the literal future would be pretty cool it’s not what I mean here.
While it is not far fetched to say that people prioritize their interest above the interests of other people, this does not mean that they would be in a constant state of war. People are able of cooperation, and in fact need to cooperate in order to survive. To assume that Hobbes’ state of nature was true would be to assume that the only thing stopping people from killing, lying, and stealing is the fact that the law prohibits it. However, most people carry some sort of morality that stops them from doing that, and they also know that cooperation would get them much further than competition. Even if we assume, however, that Hobbes’ state of nature is true, it still would not justify obeying a tyrannical government.
Imagine being free of the mental chain known as a conscience. Unpleasant feelings such as guilt or regret would no longer be felt, theoretically sounding preferable. In actuality though, a conscience is what makes us truly human, and without it we would not have any compassion or empathy for others. This is why people without a conscience, also recognized by the name of psychopaths, are such a threat to society; they care exclusively for themselves and will not hesitate to harm someone, especially if the result is them achieving a certain goal they sought out to accomplish. It is a proven fact that, much like how all squares are rectangles but not all rectangles are squares, all serial killers are psychopaths but not all psychopaths are serial
Society as a whole should not feel the discrimination that they do, but rather the commemorator of them. People are only recognized for the bad qualities in themselves by society, government, and a huge majority of the world. Never has there been a world where everyone has equality. Every citizen’s equal rights should be legally recognized and if they don’t,
Although most feel like breaking an unjust law might be the best solution to what they think is right, in reality, I agree to the fact that people are afraid to face the consequences that are given after their actions. We the people, have the freedom to believe in what we may think is right. People undertake the act of civil disobedience when a controversy
As James Baldwin said, “It is true that two wrongs don 't make a right, as we love to point out to the people we have wronged. But one wrong doesn 't make a right, either. People who have been wronged will attempt to right the wrong; they would not be people if they