Sir Isaac Newton
Sir Isaac Newton was regarded as one of the most influential scientists of all time and a key role in the scientific revolution. Isaac Newton was born in 1642 December the 25th, Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England and died 1726 March 20th aged 84 Kensington, Middlesex, England. His book "Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica (Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy), first published in 1687, laid the foundation for classical mechanics.
Newton's Principle formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation, which dominated scientists' view of the physical universe. By deriving Kepler's laws of planetary motion from his mathematical description of gravity, and then using the same principles to account for
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He formulated an empirical law of cooling, studied the speed of sound, and introduced the notion of a Newtonian fluid. In addition to his work on calculus, as a mathematician Newton contributed to the study of power series, generalised the binomial theorem to non-integer exponents, developed a method for approximating the roots of a function, and classified most of the cubic plane
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His father also named Isaac Newton had died three months prior to Sir Isaac Newtons birth. He was born premature and was not expected to survive. When he was three years old his mother remarried and went to live with her new husband leaving Isaac with his grandmother. The experience left an in print on Newton, later manifesting itself as an acute sense of insecurity. At age 12, Newton was reunited with his mother after her second husband had died. He then enrolled into the King's School in Gramtham, a town in Lincolnshire, where was introduced into the fascinating world of chemistry. His mother had pulled him out of the school and had planned to make him a farmer and have him work on the farm. He failed farming as he was lacking in interest and found it very repetitive. He convinced his mother to send him back to school to finish his education. He became top ranked student motivated by a bully, distinguishing himself by making sundials and model